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Open Immigration.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 2340
Mark Peacock

Assignment #6 Submitted to Joseph Course: SOSC2340 Professor: Mark Peacock Tutorial # 2 Student’s name: Dat Quang Trieu (211107604) Date: March 31, 2014 Open Immigration The topic of free immigration is widely discussed in the world today because it is something that remains constant. Nowadays many people from World’s less off countries wish to migrate to the more developed countries in hopes for better lives. This idea of open immigration is argued for and against, for a variety of reasons. Those reasons could be negative or positive for the residing citizens of the countries in term of sharing resources and economic factors. To gain an understanding about free immigration, we will discuss thoroughly two relevant readings. Those readings are as following: “The case for open immigration,” by author Chandran Kukathas, and “On the Morality of Immigration,” written by Matthias Risse. Both authors argue in favor of relatively free immigration.Although they both authors agree on free immigration majorly, the justifying of their respective arguments in favor of immigration is where we find slight differences. Throughout this essay, we will discuss firstly, the similarities and little differences founds in the readers arguments in regard to open immigration. We will then dissect from the readings, the benefits of free immigration, the negatives of free immigration, and the moral judgment on free immigration. Lastly, this essay will help us understand the importance of free immigration and possible even leave us in support of the idea. To begin, we will first summarize the reading “The Case for Open Immigration,” by Chandran Kukathas. This chapter is broken up into four sections, each completely relevant to the favoring of open immigration. Part one briefly mentions the amount of immigrants living outside their original state.According to the chapter,”[there are more than 100 million people are living outside of their original country now as tourists, businessmen, sportswomen or performers without ever stopping to live in a country.]” (Kukathas pg.208) Later on, in the first section we recognize the nature of the problem of immigration in the modern world. Those problems are security, and costs on society even they also brings benefit. The second section of this chapter discusses shortly the two defenses of free immigration. The first defense is the principle of freedom, which revolves around the freedom of people’s movement. The second defense is the principle of humanity, which revolves around the idea that people have the right to improve their living condition or reduce their level of poverty or even destitution by instituting open immigration. However, not all people who look to migrate are poor or disadvantages. The following third section is used to consider various economic arguments against the principle of free immigration. Kukathas challenges each argument brought forward to help emphasize the notion that there are no reasons good enough to keep immigrants out of a country. The first reason stated in regard to the economic argument, is the impact that migrants could potentially have on the local market economy. The second reason is about the impact that migrants could potentially have on the cost and availability of goods and services supplied through the state such as its education, healthcare, or other publicly funded goods. Over all, Kukathas’arguments in favor of free immigration cover almost all possibly affected sections of the economy. He talks about morality, liberty, humanity and even the economic effects that immigration would have on its new country. For the most part, each argument would add it’s own benefits to the economy and therefore Kukathas strongly believes that “ the global effect of migration is positive, as it involves a movement of people from a place where they were less productive and often unable to make a living to places where the are both more productive and better off.” (Kukathas pg. 212) This next reading we will summarize is the previously mentioned, “On the Morality of Immigration,” by Matthias Risse. In this reading, Risse argues that attempts to understand the limitations that justice imposes on immigration policies have to begin from the initial fact that “the earth belongs to humanity in common.”(Risse pg. 25) Risse goes on to suggest that a comparison of population density statistics provides strong evidence that “the United States is critically underusing the resources under its control.” (Risse pg.30) As a result of that underusing, “ there can be nothing much wrong with illegal immigration.” (Risse pg. 30) Open immigra
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