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Feminist legal theory not complete ?.docx

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 2350
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Feminist legal theory What is feminism? • A collection of movements and ideologies aimed at defining, establishing, and defending  equal political, economic, and social rights for women • Seeks to expose & dismantle structures of discrimination & oppression of women in society • Large & diverse social movement o Roots in struggles for women’s suffrage (right to vote) 1  wave) nd o 1960’s civil rights movement: Women’s liberation((2  wave)  abortion rights  structural problems  equal rights equal pay rd o 1990’s – present: Critical feminisms (post­colonial) (3  wave)  same criticism as the past, but on the latest rights  women from the third world Olsen ‘sex of law • Draws our attention to opposing pairs in classical liberal thought. o Rational o Active o Thought  o Reason o Culture o Objective o Irrational o Passive o Feeling o Emotion  o Nature o subjective • Dualism  o Sexualized & hierarchized ­Law is associated with masculine characteristics: objectivity, rationality, & principledness. ­Law is associated with masculine characteristics: objectivity, rationality, & principledness ­The dualism identifies men with the public sphere outside the home, while women in the private ­these are deeply inscribes in our system of thought Feminist legal theory o Explain ways in which the law play’s a role in women’s subordination and is dedicated to  reworking the law and it’s approach to gender Types: o Liberal feminism o Radical feminism o Feminist critical legal theory Liberal feminism o Analysis of the problem: Discrimination o Inequality is produced by culture not nature o Infringes equality of opportunity o Approach: Reform o Promote FORMAL EQUALITY in the legal system o Challenge discriminatory laws o Significant use of Charter litigation (ss. 15 & 28) Problematic of liberal feminist approach to legal reform o Belief in the claims that law is rational, objective & principled (ie. reinforces male  characteristics) o Gender­neutral or ‘sex­blind’ approach to law o About equal opportunity of access to social institutions, rather than agitating for social  change o What of larger systemic & structural issues? o FORMAL EQUALITY rather than substantive equality Equality o Formal equality o Treat everyone exactly the same  o No distinctions based on differences  o Substantive Equality o Broader view of equality  o Recognizes that patterns of disadvantage and oppression exist in society  o Cons
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