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Policing (III): Current Trends

2 Pages

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 2652
Anna Pratt

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Lecture 10 Thursday November 21, 2013  Policing: Current Trends 1. Race and community 2. Critiques of professional law enforcement model 3. Emergence and development of community  Open Secret: Less Easy to Deny  ­ Less and less easy to deny that racial profiling is a problem  ­ Black communities demand change ­ Beating of Rodney King sparked massive riots in LA In Toronto after Raymond  Morris was shot, there was also a protest ­ Black people were particularly vulnerable to systemic discrimination  ­ Toronto star series “race and Crime o Has really taken the lead on this issue o Since 2002 they have produced over 4 series  o Focus on discretionary actions of police o Result showed clear pattern of racial difference in patterns of arrest  ­ Wortley and Tanner  o Interviewed 3400 Toronto high school students and interactions with  police o More than 40% of the black students, compared with only 16% of the  white students, had been stopped and searched by police.  ­ Definitions of racism and Racial Profiling o Individual racism: Attitudes about race that generalize and make judgments about  people based on their belonging to identifiable groups and that are articulated by  individuals o Systemic racism: The ways in which assumptions about racialized groups get  incorporated into policies, procedures, practices and organizational routines such  that they become taken for granted and invisible  o General definition: Tanovich page 13  ­ The fact that racial profiling exists today is no longer disputed, we know that it  exists.  Critics ­ The practice discriminates against racialized communities, young black men in  particular  ­ The practice violates the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (ss 8 & 9) ­ Inefficient and counter productive strategy for gather information 2. Critique
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