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Lecture

SOSC3654 Sept 14.doc

4 Pages
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Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 3654
Professor
Amanda Glasbeek

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SOSC3654 [email protected] 237A McLaughlin College Thurs: 11-12 Introducing Crime Prevention Field of crime prevention is political than imperical and scientific Crawford: genuine crime prevention is difficult to assess cause it is a non event (p 6) What distinguishes crime prevention from what came before? An umbrella term - encompasses agents, outcomes Link to neoliberalism - lays ground for crime prevention paradigm Origins in public health analogies and disenchantment with traditional approaches (rehab) Extends beyond the state and partnerships with institutions Fear of crime; disorder; significance of victim community safety: local, context specific measures Tensions, paradoxes The welfarist state Not welfare as a social program Govering system/logic that emerged at the end of the 19th century that held through the 20th century on how to approach under capitalist system Concerned with provision and maintenance of the welfare community Rehabilitation is a big factor in crime prevention arose out of laissez faire capitalism - state had very little role Limits were clear Child labour Outrageous diseases Urban poverty Work accidents Reformist alternative is an intervention of state that manages market in humane way General consensus - not perfect but still popular Public state best equipped to ensure distribution of rights and goods Shouldnt be a profit motive Belief that state is mechanism because its supposed to be neutral Many institutions arose out of this Unions Public sewage Social work Healthcare Prosperity should ensure welfare if properly managed Penal-welfare (garland 1985) Criminal justice system will support particular state in which we live Share fundamental principles Aim all around is to produce good productive working citizens Increasing expansion of criminal justice system Diversification of offenders New courts Fluidity between the ideas Key is the notion of good worker - idea of rehab of wrong doers Penal system - disciplining force that emerges alongside extension of rights and enfranchisement Expansions of criminal justice system help to discipline Dominant model of 20th century; consensus broken in 70s/80s Actively dismantled over the past 30-40 years No longer treat the state as the bet provider of social welfare See it not efficient Expensive Bloated Market run providers rather than state government paid higher portion of the cost of tuition Garland's 12 Indices of Change Decline of the rehab ideal 1974 report "nothing works" regarding studies about prisons and the effectiveness of rehab Dangerously misguided Whole fabric of practices of correctional system breaks down Shift from offender to the criminal event itself Re-emergence of punitive sanctions and expressive justice Radical shift of types of punishment and effectivenes (paroles,good behaviour) Increasingly see prisons less as punishment and more as punish from prison Chain gangs, death penalties, public humiliation have returned Public notification of offender releases, prison uniforms Salience of the fear of crime Become a cultural feature Accepted as a social fact in and of itse
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