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SOSC3654 Nov 8.doc

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 3654
Amanda Glasbeek

SOSC3654 Crime Prevention in the Community Neighbourhood watch Community members come together Look out for each others property Focus on identifying who is a part of the community and who is not (stranger) Moving van- viable strategy of burglar that makes crime look normal Community liason groups - police sit around with members or leaders and engage in discussion Often these turn to police just demanded info from community Police focus on information gathering 9/10 times info comes out of community In canada, all offenders that are released must serve some part of sentence in community 2/3 of sentence served, mandatory parole Halfway houses common - bridge prison life with normal life ________________________________________________________________________________ "This is No Community No More" The Unintented Consequences of Revitilization on Community and Crime in Regent Park Dr Sarah Thompson, PhD, Ryerson University Outline Neighbourhood characteristics Why Regent Park? Question of resilience Methods Theoretical assumptions of the social mix model and its implications for crime and violence Some key findings Future research Territorial Stigmatization and Regent Park Work by Sean Purdy Physical space and geographies are attached to meanings External representations of the neighbourhood - people hold tendencies about public housing Demonized spaces in public imagination Stigmatized due to negative meanings attached to regent park Externally imposed by people not a part of the neighbourhood Largely been portrayed as a deviant, outcast and branded space Have of single mothers, magnet for drug problems Internal representations - people who have experience with the neighbourhood Celebrate regent park Emphasis its strengths but also acknowledge the problems Described the neighbourhood as a knit community Multi-dimensionality of space - different meanings of space depending whose attached to it Regent park had highest homicide rate between 1988-2003 Glenfield jane heights, south parkdale, st james town, moss park, woburn also high 20 of 37 homicides occured between 1988-1992 in regent park Steady decline since Characteristics of neighbourhoods have most effect on crime and violence Structural characteristics (poverty, family, education levels) shape social interaction in hood Urban hoods with strong social ties tend to experience lower levels of crime and violence Levels of informal social control are high Hoods with little to no social connections (st james town) linked to higher levels of crime Try to find characteristics that file under each column Affluent neighbourhoods are more likely to be engaged, tighter bonds, lower crime levels Hoods with low levels of informal social control, collective efficacy, have higher levels of povery, single young males as residents Heterogeneous population can also be a problem Poor neighbourhoods are dangerous on the whole Problematic to paint all hoods with the same brush Regent park is an example of an exception Resilience in Regent Park Criminological spotlight usually focuses on high homicide urban neighbourhoods, but much to learn from those neighbourhoods that experience declining or consistently low trajectories of lethal violence Residents are local experts - focus on young adults 16-24 Broad conceptualization of resilience: individual, family, peer group, school, organizational, neighbourhood levels Open ended questions through the Pathway to Education program Methods Participant recruitment: participants were primarily recruited through Pathways to Education- non- profit organization located in the neighbourhood that is positively viewed by the community 30 semi structured interviews - lasted up to an hour Preliminary Findings: organizations All 30 interviewed youth said that a key fa
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