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SOCI 1010
Timothy Mc Cauley

SOCIALIZATION PERSPECTIVES Socialization Is the learning of knowledge, skills, motivations, and identities as our genetic potential ….(nature), interacts with our social environment (nurture). Socialization Perspectives All of the various scholars agree that socialization is needed for culture and society values to be learned It is also agreed the socialization occurs because it is internalized (becomes part of you). Functionalist Perspective Functionalism stresses the importance of groups working together to create a stable society For example, schools and families socialize children by teaching them the same basic norms, beliefs and values  Conflict Perspective Conflict perspective views socialization as a way to maintain the status quo (keep things the same) For example, children are socialized to accept their family’s social class which helps preserve the current class system People learn to accept their social status before they have enough self-awareness to realize what is happening Because they don’t challenge their social position they don’t upset the class structure Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Maintain that human nature is a product of society  Symbolic Interactionism uses several key ideas to explain socialization The Self Concept The looking-glass self Significant others Role taking (imitation, play, & game) The generalized other  Symbolic Interactionists Charles Horton Cooley & George Herbert Mead developed the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective in the early 1900s. They challenged the idea that biology determined human nature Interdisciplinary Child Research 1. Psychology-focuses on mental functioning, internal influences, subjective feelings. 2. Sociology-family is affected by social structural and cultural conditions. 3. Social Psychology –middle ground…Learning, cognition, psychoanalysis. Socialization Theorists Freud, (social Psych) Piaget, Sears, Bandura) Cooley, Mead (SI) Parsons and Bales (SF) CONTINUUM of SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY From Nature to Nurture 1. PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY (Freud and Erikson) 2. COGNITIVE THEORY (Piaget) 3. LEARNING THEORY (Sears) Child Research The sociological study of the child began in the nineteenth century. It coincides with the development of the Reformers who criticized the capitalists who exploited child labour. P. Aries. In fact, a key sociological theory of Childhood is by P. Aries. His book, Centuries of Childhood, argues that prior to the 19thc children were viewed as `miniature adults’ The founders Early studies of the child include: 1. Georg Simmel 2. Fredrick Leplay in 19th c 3. R. Park and Burgess in the early twentieth. The course of socialization  The child devel
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