Thursday, October 4, 2012
Lecture # 5 - Socialization
SOCI 1010 – Introduction to Sociology
Socialization: An acting process that is taking place where we are learning culture from immediate
vicinity (norms/values), able to change and take on new rules (ex. Role or son/daughter, student,
Socialization - Focus:
Theories of childhood socialization:
- Early socialization with other people has a large part in determining who we become.
- Need to become aware of “who we are” to become aware of others.
- Other people have a vast effect on determining on who we become later in life. Has far
reaching social effects.
- Idea of social self. Which we get a feel of from “significant others”. Young people imitate
- Parents that “stay together for the sake of the children” may actually be doing more
harm than good by setting up a negative household.
Agents of socialization:
Socialization processes operate through a variety of social institutions:
Families – Most important agent of primary socialization: process of mastering the basic skills
required to function in society during childhood.
Family socialization affected by:
o Social class of parents.
o Parenting style.
o Preparedness of parents for parenting role.
o Psychological health of parents (e.g. neglect, abuse, or abandonment of child).
o Family type (e.g. single parent family, blended family).
Schools – Public school system became increasingly responsible for secondary socialization:
Socialization outside the family after childhood. Wants the person to conform to the general
norm of society (The “hidden curriculum”). Can help maintain the status quo, but also may
cause the student to rebel and cause problems later in life. Peer groups – People of similar age and similar status as the individual. Helps integrate young
people into larger society. From middle childhood through adolescence, the peer group is often
dominant socializing agent.
The mass media – Increasingly important socializing agent in twenty first century. Some argue
that families became less influential, an