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SOCI 1010. Lecture # 5 - Socialization. Oct 4, 2012.docx

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SOCI 1010
Fred Diamond

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Thursday, October 4, 2012 Lecture # 5 - Socialization SOCI 1010 – Introduction to Sociology Socialization: An acting process that is taking place where we are learning culture from immediate vicinity (norms/values), able to change and take on new rules (ex. Role or son/daughter, student, worker). Socialization - Focus: Theories of childhood socialization: - Early socialization with other people has a large part in determining who we become. - Need to become aware of “who we are” to become aware of others. - Other people have a vast effect on determining on who we become later in life. Has far reaching social effects. - Idea of social self. Which we get a feel of from “significant others”. Young people imitate significant others. - Parents that “stay together for the sake of the children” may actually be doing more harm than good by setting up a negative household. Agents of socialization: Socialization processes operate through a variety of social institutions:  Families – Most important agent of primary socialization: process of mastering the basic skills required to function in society during childhood. Family socialization affected by: o Social class of parents. o Parenting style. o Preparedness of parents for parenting role. o Psychological health of parents (e.g. neglect, abuse, or abandonment of child). o Family type (e.g. single parent family, blended family).  Schools – Public school system became increasingly responsible for secondary socialization: Socialization outside the family after childhood. Wants the person to conform to the general norm of society (The “hidden curriculum”). Can help maintain the status quo, but also may cause the student to rebel and cause problems later in life.  Peer groups – People of similar age and similar status as the individual. Helps integrate young people into larger society. From middle childhood through adolescence, the peer group is often dominant socializing agent.  The mass media – Increasingly important socializing agent in twenty first century. Some argue that families became less influential, an
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