Factors Affecting All Sociological Research; Research strategies & research methods
Choose a topic, formulate a question, go through literature, pick a strategy, results & present…
2 strategies – quantitative and qualitative
3 fundamental questions when conducting research:
How do you know? (evidence, proof…)
So what?! Why is it important to know this?
Now what? What do we do with this info?
Scientific arguments rely on:
Logic of cause/effect
Careful definition of terms/assumptions
Idea that evidence can be tested
4 factors that affect all sociological research
Theory: begins with a perspective that guides you in the way in which you view data. They are
well tested, supported by evidence and open to being refuted
Values: beliefs, feelings that a researcher holds that affect/influence her behaviour
Epistemology: branch of Phil that deals with the nature, scope and limitations of knowledge
How do we know what we know?
Questions revolve around what methods should I use? What proofs do I need?
Ontology: study of what is out there, and what is aid