Class Notes (811,047)
Canada (494,460)
York University (33,712)
Sociology (802)
SOCI 2040 (97)

soc 2040 sep 23.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
SOCI 2040
David Toews

Young Marx vs. Mature Marx Marx the Young Ambitious Philosopher  Social theorists associate theyoung marx with the ambition of overturning the idealist philosophy of Hegel  GWF hegel (1170-1831) took key ideas of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution (lower classes overtook the king, created a radically democratic government, created the guillotine to kill the aristocrats, etc) and theorized that all of the history must be following an inevitable progression towards perfect human freedom, a state in which humans would be fully self realized (fully free) A Teleology  Hegels idealist philosophy is teleological, because it rests on a telos, or an idea of a central innate purpose or 'end' of the phenomena in question  o explaining something by using that percise thing--no further explanation needed--very nonscientific world view  Teleological thinking tends to be abstract, speculative, and logic-driven, not concrete or emerging out of actual observations  For Hegel, the telos of the human being is freedom. A Dialectical Theory  Hegel's philosophy of history was also dialectical  the dialectical view sees history as a progression in which each successive movement emerges as a solution to the contradictions inherent in the preceding movement (ie. movements come together in order to fix the problems with the movements before it) Hegel's dialectic is idealist  according to Hegel, we recognize these successive movements by looking for the thoughts and ideas that human beings create as new concepts enabling us to shape the objective world to our aims--it is due to this tendency to prioritize the human spirit over the rest of the world that we term Hegel's dialectic idealist Materialism  the young marx accepted the dialectical and teleological aspects of Hegel's thought but rejected Hegel's idealism  Instead, Marx proposed a dialectical materialsm  Marx was interested in making this philosophy more. concrete, more observable--marx still has a commitment to the idea that human beings are gradually progressing towards a state of freedom (this is his purpose in rallying for a communist revolution) Materialism as a critique of idealism  instead marx proposed that the "history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles"  the simplification of class struggles into the opposition between bourgeois and proletarians  from the communist manifesto, this doctrine is the firect consequence of marx's early rejection of hegel's "history of the human spirit" and hegels notion that our thoughts and ideas determine our experience Main Principles of Materialism  Marx asserted that out collective experience of our 'material' economic conditions determine our ideas and the dialectical struggles and rebellions that lead to revolutions  o you do not choose who you are, you are a product of your place in economy  our collevtive experience of our material (economic) conditions is class struggle  because class struggle produces historical progress, marx's dialectical materialism is also known as an historical materialism Example: Alienation  Alienation is a key example of how our material "economic" conditions shape our ideas...  pg. 42 "the worker sinks to the level of a commodity..." -- anything that can be bought or sold -- the worker is paid for his TIME  p.42 "...becomes the most wretched of commodities; that the wretchedness of the worker is inverse proportion to the power and magnitude of his production" --- the harder you work, the more energy you put into it doesn't matter. you see no benefit from your own work, only the owners reap the benefits. the harder you work, the more alienated/bitter/resentful you become.  Four types of Alienation:  o p.43 labour's product as alienation--you don't care about the product that you are making o p.44 we are alienated in the process of production of the product -- because there is no creativity in the action of production o p.45 alienation from our species -- when you become dehumanized, you become an individual--to live as though you are an isolated person, disconnected from other humans -- ex. you cannot speak to coworkers because communicating with others is a waste of time, and the owners give you a paycheque for your time----work becomes your life. o p. 46 alienation
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 2040

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.