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Lecture 7

Lecture 7-Mills etc.doc

11 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 2040
Professor
Charles Battershill

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Description
Social Order and Organisation1Lecture 7 ContextLecture 7 The language and Grammar of Social Order and Social Organisation 1 The Importance of ContextIntro to this section of the course The language and Grammar of Social Order and Social OrganisationTwolectures ago I said that in this course we are going to locate social order and social organization as arising in between freedom sometimes referred to as agency and constraint sometimes referred to as structure CONSTRAINT Berger and Bauman make us aware that constraints arise out of our very participation in and engagement with a social world So insofar as we are social beings we cannot escape constraints From Bauman our sense of our selves what we think of as our individuality and choices arise out of our engagement in the social world We engage in it not passively but we are deeply shaped by this engagementOur freedom is constrained simply because we share social worlds with other people Berger says that social reality is an intersubjective reality We dont live in it on our ownOur discussion of Schutz also revealed that we are born into social worlds that are already in motion and as we mature in them we are encouraged to adopt the understandings of our social worlds that are already in motion the commonsense knowledge of the member FREEDOM But at the same time we are not merely doomed to reproduce the same world we are born into For one thing Bauman tells us that we develop the capacities of language and thinking and sociability through our engagement in the social worldThese capacities are what enable us to also shape the many social worlds in which we participate throughout our Social Order and Organisation2Lecture 7 Contextlives So now we can turn our attention to what happens in between freedom and constraint that is to the focus of our course social order and social organization In the next 5 sessions we are going to introduce you to the language and grammar of social order and social organisation The language of social order context social actors social action social interaction social institutions 1 We are starting today with CONTEXT Context is perhaps the most important concept to grasp in order to gain an understanding of social ordernot just WHAT it is but more importantly HOW it is achievedaccomplished Remember our discussion in the lecture on Schutz about the comment the carpets are coming In order to grasp what this comment meant what meaning was intended by the speaker many of you tried to guess at the context from which the speaker spoke it Ask what context meansExamples of definitions Context refers to the conditions in which something exists or occurs eg living with ideas exits in the context of freedom and solitude Context is the surroundings circumstances environment background or settings which determine specify or clarify the meaning of an event This second definition brings up the very important issue of
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