Class Notes (810,429)
Canada (494,121)
York University (33,691)
Sociology (802)
SOCI 3630 (19)
Lecture 12

SOCI 3630 Lecture 12

5 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

AP/SOCI 3630 6.0AThe Sociology of Education November 27, 2013  SCHOOLAS AN AGENT OF SOCIALIZATION  Defining Socialization - The general processes of acquiring culture are referred to as socialization. - These are the processes through which we learn to become members of a society or a community. - Through socialization, we learn the language and various aspects of the culture we are born into.. - Socialization takes place in all societies, industrial, agrarian, simple, complex - It is a learning process that begins shortly after birth - Socialization is learning process that involves developments or changes in the individuals sense of self - Primary socialization is the socialization that occurs during childhood. - Secondary socialization occurs later in life. - Different forms and kinds of socialization  Primary  Secondary  Anticipatory  Organizational  Group  Gender  Racial  Planned  Natural  Positive  Negative Determinism vs. Free Will - Determinism refers to the degree to which a persons behavior, attitutudes, and other personal characteristics are determines or caused by a specific factor - Are we free to be who we want to be or are there forces that determine who we are?  Biological Determinism - The greater part of who we are is determined by our roughly 26,000 genes - For example, if we are good at sports or math it is because we are somehow genetically predisposed to be so..  Social or Cultural Determinism - Behaviorism: any behavior can be taught and learned - Much of who we are is a consequence of how previous behavior was reinforced Sigmund Freud: Balancing the Biological and the Socio-Cultural - Proposed the first social scientific interpretation of emergence of the self:  ID- the part of the self that demands immediate gratification  Superego- personal conscience  Ego- balances the conflicting needs of the id and the superego - Criticisms of Freud’s Theory 1. Insufficient attention to socialization-> is more complex than Freud assumed 2. Freud shows gender bias in his analysis of male and female sexuality 3. Freud neglects socialization after childhood  Anthropological alternatives - Socialization: a popular term with sociologists! - Enculturation: While socialization refers to the general process of acquiring culture, anthropologists use the term enculturation for the process of being socialized into a particular culture. - Acculturation: is the process of acquiring a second culture. AKA resocialization. - Deculturation: has to do with the systematic exclusion, annihilation and eradiction of a communit’s culture  Conceptual confusion about socialization - Socialization is used in various contexts such as: - Becoming, formation, emergence, creation, etc - Learning, social learning, socially relevant learning, etc. - Influencing, forming, reforming, molding, etc. - Education, guiding, caring for, instruction, training, etc.  DIFFERENT FORMS OF SOCIALIZATION - Primary socialization - Takes place at home, shortly after birth… - For example, in this stage of socialization a child: learns to walk, eat solids, talk, gender differences, relate him or herself emotionally to parents, siblings and other people - Learns physical skills necessary for ordinary games - Secondary Socialization - Takes place mainly in schools - In schools we learn about: identity formation, cultural/political/economic/technological socialization  Anticipatory Socialization - Refers to the processes of socialization in which a person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships  Agents of Socialization - Agency is the capacity to influence what happens in ones life - Do individuals have the capacity to resist the messages tat our socializing agents give us? - Agente of socialization: Groups that have a significant impact on ones socilazstion - E.g. family peers, community, school, mass media, legal systems, religion, culture -  Mead’s Development of Self - George Herbert Mead 1934 - Human mental process or thinking results from the - Developed a two fo
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 3630

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.