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SOCI 3630 Jan 15.docx

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York University
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

AP/SOCI 3630 6.0A The Sociology of Education January 15-22, 2014 RACE/ETHNICITY AND ANTIRACISM EDUCATION Defining Race Defining Ethnicity Defining Racialization RACE AS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCT The shifting definition of race CHALLENGIN RACE AS A BIOLOGICAL CATEGORY Race in a socio-historical context -> The RACE of the Enlightenment • David Hume- “all other species of men are naturally inferior to the whites” • Immanuel Kant – “humanity is at its greatest perfection in the race of the Whites” “The Germans, have a fortunate combination of feeling, both in that of the sublime and in that of the beautiful.” EUROCENTRICITY • The belief in a natural of divine hierarchical order in which non-whites are seen as naturally inferior to whites. Ideology and Race • Racist ideology provides a conceptual framework for the political, social and cultural structures of inequality and the systems of dominance based on race. • Racism as an ideology include whole range of concepts, ideas, images and institutions that provide the framework of interpretations and meaning for racial thought in society. • Organizes, preserves and perpetuates the power structures in society. • It is communicated and reproduced through agencies of socialization and cultural transmission. RACISM • Racism may be defined as a negative, dehumanizing, and oppressive view, attitude, behavior and action towards members of another group. • Ranging from a variety of social, scientific, biological, institutional, linguistic and cultural kinds, contemporary racism(s) are a conflation of ethnicity, class, language, religion and broad cultural geographical concerns and definitions. • Racism this is situation in which … DIFFERENT MANIFESTATIONS OF RACISM • Physiological differences: e.g., skin color, hair texture, facial features, racial heritage, etc. • Cultural differences: e.g. language, customs, behavior, clothing and mode of dress, eating habits etc. • Ideological differences: e.g. religion, political affiliation, belief, etc. • Geographical differences or differences in the place of birth: e.g. Asian, African, Latino, Irish, Iraqi, etc. A COMPREHENSIVE DEFINITON • A comprehensive definition of racism/racist may include the following categories: - Individuals or groups who think of themselves as ‘superior’ to others on the basis of their racial, ethnic, ideological, geographical, and cultural backgrounds engage in racist activities and maybe identified as racist. - Any individual, group, organization, or institution who denies equal access and opportunity to others on the basis of their real or perceived racial/ethnic/ideological/geographical/cultural differences, engage in racist activities and is racist. Kinds of Racism • Racial Bigotry: open, conscious expression of racist views by an individual • Institutional or Systemic Racism: racist practices, rules, and laws that have become part of the system • Polite, Smiling, Or Friendly Rac
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