Class Notes (836,562)
Canada (509,854)
York University (35,328)
Sociology (802)
SOCI 3630 (19)
Lecture

SOCI 3630 Jan 29.docx

5 Pages
141 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 3630
Professor
Alireza Asgharzadeh
Semester
Winter

Description
SOCI 3630 6.0A
The Sociology of Education
Jan
uary 29, 2014 In
tersection
ality an
d the Econ
omics of Schoolin
g Terminologies: 
Ideology • Ideology 
is 
a 
relatively 
coherent 
set 
of 
interrelated 
beliefs 
about 
society 
 and 
the 
people 
in 
it. • There 
are 
various 
types 
of 
ideologies: - Dominant - Liberal - Counter • Dominant 
ideology 
is 
that 
set 
of 
beliefs 
constructed 
by 
the 
dominant 
 culture 
and/or 
classes 
in 
a 
society - An 
example 
would 
be 
“trickle 
down 
theory” - if 
you 
allow 
the 
rich 
to 
create 
more 
wealth 
some 
of 
that 
wealth 
is 
going 
to 
 trickle 
down 
to 
the 
workers, 
making 
everyone 
better 
off • Liberal 
Ideology 
focuses 
on 
the 
individual 
as 
amore 
or 
less 
independent 
 player 
on 
the 
social 
scene - it 
reflects 
a 
belief 
in 
social 
mobility 
and 
the 
ability 
of 
one 
to 
realize 
it, 
e.g., 
 the 
American 
Dream. - Success 
or 
failure 
rests 
solely 
with 
the 
individual” 
blaming 
the 
victim- 
 assigning 
individuals 
more 
or 
less 
complete 
responsibility 
for 
events 
or 
 circumstances 
that 
have 
broader 
causes • Consumerism- 
a 
term 
used 
to 
describe 
the 
effects 
of 
equating 
personal 
 happiness 
with 
purchasing 
material 
possessions 
and 
consumption. • Commodity 
Fetishism - it 
is 
often 
associated 
with 
criticism 
of 
consumption 
starting 
with 
Karl 
Marx - Karl 
Marx 
calls 
it 
capitalistic 
consumption • Echo 
consumers - Canadians 
under 
the 
age 
of 
twenty 
(the 
Echo 
Generation), 
as 
they’re 
 often 
called- 
make 
up 
a 
quarter 
of 
the 
country’s 
population 
(26%). • Neo-liberal 
Knowledge 
based 
economy - Only 
the 
marketplace 
should 
determine 
which 
goods 
and 
services 
are 
 produced 
and 
how 
they 
are 
generated; 
there 
are 
no 
“public 
goods”. - ??? • The 
digital 
divide - 
The 
phrase 
“digital 
divide” 
has 
emerged 
as 
a 
public 
policy 
issue 
in 
 Canada… Terminologies:Hegemony • Hegemony 
(as 
described 
by 
Antonio 
Gramsci) 
is 
a 
set 
of 
relatively 
non- coercive 
methods 
of 
maintaining 
power 
used 
by 
the 
dominant 
class 
(e.g, 
 through 
the 
media, 
civil 
society, 
or 
educational 
system) Counter 
Ideology • Offers 
a 
critique 
of 
a 
dominant 
ideology 
and 
challenges 
the 
justice 
and 
 applicability 
of 
the 
dominant 
ideology Social 
Inequality • The 
long 
term 
existence 
of 
significant 
differences 
in 
access 
to 
goods 
and 
 services 
among 
social 
groups 
(e.g., 
based 
on 
class, 
ethnicity, 
gender, 
 disability, 
etc) Class 
and 
Social 
Stratification • The 
main 
term 
used 
to 
talk 
about 
social 
inequality 
is 
class • Karl 
Marx 
described 
class 
as 
being 
relational 
in 
that 
it 
reflects 
ones 
 relation 
to 
the 
means 
of 
production- 
the 
main 
means 
or 
resources 
needed 
 to 
produce 
goods • ??? Sub-classes • Marx 
identified 
other 
sub-classes 
in 
his 
work: - Petty 
bourgeoisie: 
made 
up 
of 
the 
small 
business 
people - Lumpenproletariat: 
small 
time 
criminals, 
beggars, 
etc. 
- 
those 
lacking 
 class-consciousness. Class 
as 
a 
Social 
Identity • Class 
in 
Marx’s 
view 
would 
have 
an 
organic 
identity, 
a 
shared 
sense 
of 
 common 
membership 
and 
purpose • Part 
of 
this 
identity 
would 
include 
a 
class 
consciousness: - An 
awareness 
of 
what 
is 
in 
the 
best 
interests 
of 
ones 
class • Marx 
believes 
that 
the 
bourgeoisie 
had 
always 
possessed 
class- consciousness 
and 
had 
attempted 
to 
set 
up 
society 
following 
its 
class 
 interests. • Marx 
believed 
that 
the 
working 
class 
had 
not 
always 
had 
class- consciousness, 
but 
instead 
often 
had 
false 
consciousness. • False 
consciousness: 
the 
idea 
that 
something 
is 
ones 
best 
interest 
when 
 in 
fact 
it 
is 
not • Marx 
believed 
that 
the 
workers 
had 
false 
consciousness. • He 
citied 
organized 
religion 
as 
an 
example 
when 
he 
wrote 
“Religion 
is 
the 
 opiate 
of 
the 
masses” 
meaning 
that 
religion 
deludes 
the 
workers 
about 
 what 
is 
in 
the 
best 
interest 
of 
their 
class. • Furthermore, 
those 
involved 
in 
upper 
levels 
of 
organized 
religion 
tended 
to 
 be 
drawn 
from 
the 
educated 
elite: 
hence 
their 
alliance 
with 
upper 
classes. • Exceptions - At 
various 
times 
religion 
has 
been 
used 
to 
serve 
the 
needs 
of 
the 
poorest 
 at 
the 
expense 
of 
the 
rich 
(e.g. 
Liberation 
theology 
in 
Latin 
America) Critique 
with 
Marx’s 
Perspective • Some 
say, 
it 
is 
somewhat 
difficult 
to 
apply 
Marx 
class 
paradigm 
to 
place 
 like 
Canada 
today: - People 
do 
not 
fit 
will 
into 
the 
old 
scheme - For 
example, 
we 
have 
workers 
with 
extremely 
high 
incomes - We 
also 
have 
owners 
with 
low 
incomes Class 
in 
Canada • Marx’s 
class 
paradigm 
cou
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 3630

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit