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3630 March 26 Globalization and International Education

4 Pages

Course Code
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

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AP/SOCI 3630 6.0A The Sociology of Education  March 26, 2014 EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGE OF GLOBALIZATION Globalization: Definitions ­ International: This term emphasizes the notion of nation and refers to the relationship between and among different nations and countries. Nation, can be a problematic concept. ­ Transnational: Not confined to a single nation or state, but operating within several of them  The term is used in the sense of across nations and does not specifically address the notion of relationships. ­ Post-national: Implies a weakening of nationalism, national identities and nation states. ­ Cosmopolitan: of a global scope/character; common to the whole world. ­ Global: refers to worldwide in scope and substance and does not highlight the concept of nation ­ New global order increasingly defined according to countries wealth or poverty  Global North ­ Western Europe, Canada, US, Australia, and Japan ­ Democratic and technologically advanced, high standard of living, well educated, access to health care and clean water, stable political structures  Global South ­ Poor countries of the world ­ Asia, South America and Africa ­ Lack financial, industrial, and technological infrastructure necessary to develop their own competitive economies. Key Factors of Globalization • New international division of labour • Decline of the US as an industrial power • World Cities: New York- London- Tokyo ­ Function as world centers of:  Markets, capital, commodities  Insurance, accounting, law • New technology systems: ­ Energy technologies ­ Manufacturing & management technologies ­ Communications & transportation ­ Time-space convergence • Homogenization of consumer markets  World scale products  Materialism  Advertising & entertainment • Transnational corps  Limited liability corps  Investments & activities span international boundaries  Exercise of power over peripheral states  Export of jobs to cheaper labour markets • Homogenization • Diversification • Glocalization Globalization Debates • Hyperglobalists:  Beginning of the end of the nation-state or denationalization of economies  National boundaries are irrelevant with respect to economic progress  Replacement of national governments with institutions of global governance • Skeptics:  Economic integration is not new  Actually it is less active than previously  National governments are still necessary  Regionalization, not globalization • Transformationalists:  Seeing globalization as a profound transformational force  Increased social stratification- r
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