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Lecture 7

Sociology of health and illness lecture 7.docx

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SOCI 3645

Sociology of Health and Illness Lecture 7 Tahreem Mahmndd October 22 , 2013 Social Psychological Explanations for Illness  Stress and outcomes, social support and coping, Type-A behvaiour and heart disease, sense of coherence, mental illness – sociological explanations, social cohesion and social inclusion vs. the “culture of inequality” Social-psychological factors related to morbidity and mortality  Stress/distress and resilience  Subjective perception of one’s wellbeing or illness  Sense of control of one’s life/sense of coherence  Sense of justice/injustice  Social support and the subjective perception of support  Can religious prayer heal? Outcomes of the stress process  Although stress does not cause mental illness, exposure to stress does increase the risk of experiencing mental health problems  probabilistic relationship  There are substantial differences in the types of stressors one is exposed to and in the ways stress is experienced by different groups in society;  There are many different mental health outcomes associated with stress, e.g. emotional distress, substance abuse or dependence, traumatic disorders, behavioural disorders, and stress outcomes over time;  A variety of stress mediators explain how stress influences mental health outcomes  they transit the effects of stress in the ways they influence our mental processes and behaviour: Ex., psychological responses to threat, cognitive processes (e.g., threat and situational appraisal) that affect how individuals respond to potentially stressful situations, the degree of fit between individuals and their social environments,  There is a small minority of people whole mental health is seriously damaged by exposure to stress  current research seeks to understand why most people adapt to stress while others do not.  Both personal and social characteristics are important in understanding differential responses to stress (stress reactivity) and the degree to which an individual is vulnerable to stress (stress vulnerability). Also spill-over effects from individual stressful events onto family settings (e.g. how the family copes
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