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Lecture 8

SOCI 3810 Lecture 8: Lecture 8- Critical Theories of Criminology

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York University
SOCI 3810
Carmela Murdocca

find more resources at Critical Theories of Criminology Three main recurrent themes in criminological theory: -Aconcern with the behaviour of criminals -Aconcern with the criminality of behaviour -Aconcern with the criminality of the state Marxist Criminology: - Conflict and change are what characterize social organization - Concentration of power and control in the hands of the owners of the means of production - The cause of crime is found in the structure of unequal class relations in a society - Marxist view encompasses both crimes of the powerful and crimes of the less powerful and each have their own underlying rationale - Legitimized power of the states are exercised - Crime stems from unequal class divisions - Crime is a rational response to the social conditions in which people live in Prevention:Adress the basic problem of the concentration of power in society since crime is seen to flourish inequality Critical Criminology: - Understands crime within its wider social and cultural context - Examines structural and political economic dimensions that produce criminal behaviour - Investigates relationship between crime and the prevailing mode of production - Questions the role of power and conflict in shaping crime and criminal justice - Engages in an analysis of the development of law in the context of colonialism and capitalism - Takes an approach that tries to understand how individuals both influence and are influenced by dominate social structures Theories of Critical Race/Postcolonial Theories: -Racism is a feature of NorthAmerican society. -History of colonialism is implicated in criminological knowledge and techniques of crime control -The law is not a neutral arbiter of social relations -Intersectional approach -The centrality of narrative and counter stories -Commitment to social justice -It is the social situation one finds themselves in that brings on crime Governmentality and risk theories: -Emerges from Foucault’s idea about power and discipline -Relies o
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