Chapter 3-Sociology (Compass) Brief but detailed summary of Chapter 3 for the Sociology: Compass textbook Cdn 3rd Edition.

101 views3 pages
Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 1010
1
Chapter 3: Culture
Culture as Problem Solving
- Culture: in the sum of practices, languages, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and
material objects that people create to deal with real-life problems; enable people to adapt
to, and thrive in, their environments
- High culture: culture consumed mainly by upper classes (opera, ballet, etc)
- Popular/Mass culture: culture consumed by all classes
Origins of Culture:
- Abstraction: capacity to general ideas or ways of thinking that are not linked to
particular instances; ability to create general ideas or ways of thinking
- Symbols: things that carry a particular meaning, including the components of language,
mathematical notations, and signs; allow us to classify experience and generalize from it
- Cooperation: capacity to create a complex social life by establishing generally accepted
ways of doing things and ideas about what is right and wrong
- Norms: generally accepted ways of doing things
o Folkways: least important norms, evoke the least severe punishment
o Mores: core norms that most people believe are essential for the survival of their
group or their society
o Taboos: among the strongest norms; when someone violates a taboo it causes
revulsion in the community and punishment is severe
- Values: ideas about what is right and wrong
- Production: human capacity to make and use tools; improves our ability to take what we
want from nature
- Material culture: comprises the tools and techniques that enable people to get tasks
accomplished
- Non-material culture: composed of symbols, norms, and other intangible elements
Culture and Biology
Evolution of Human Behaviour:
- First identify a supposedly universal human behavioural trait
- Offer an explanation as to why this behaviour increases survival chances
- Behaviour in question cannot be easily changed
The Problem of Language:
- Is language innate or learned?
- Social roots of language:
o Environment is a powerful influence on language acquisition
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Culture: in the sum of practices, languages, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and material objects that people create to deal with real-life problems; enable people to adapt to, and thrive in, their environments. High culture: culture consumed mainly by upper classes (opera, ballet, etc) Popular/mass culture: culture consumed by all classes. Abstraction: capacity to general ideas or ways of thinking that are not linked to particular instances; ability to create general ideas or ways of thinking. Symbols: things that carry a particular meaning, including the components of language, mathematical notations, and signs; allow us to classify experience and generalize from it. Cooperation: capacity to create a complex social life by establishing generally accepted ways of doing things and ideas about what is right and wrong. Values: ideas about what is right and wrong. Production: human capacity to make and use tools; improves our ability to take what we want from nature.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.