Engels (kit #9): historical materialism: historical materialism. Individual production and individual appropriation social production and individual appropriation. Social production and individual appropriation social production and social appropriation: the commodity, the basic unit of capitalist social order, the abstract commodity, money, labour, result: society the market. The individual alienation: profit = exploitation, production: a model of the factory, distribution: of what to whom, result, supply & demand vs. labour theory of value. Social production = a) many organized to produce b) producing for society. Capital becomes the private control of social wealth. Commodification, reification, performance; specialization: ideology note: liberalism is about free individuals. Capitalism is aboutfree labour: activity (work) estranged from oneself; it belongs to someone else, automation: reduce the cost of labour / reduce labour ii. The mode of production is in conflict with mode of exchange. New material conditions new ideological conditions: automation, wages and capital, capitalist decline and role of investment.