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Lecture 14

SOSC 1350 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Eleanor Leacock, Body Bag, Ward Churchill

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1350
Julie Dowsett

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The Canadian state itself exists on the basis of the expropriation of native land and resources, the subordination
of native politics.
Ward Churchill (1947-present)
During the colonial period, male authority was being encouraged by Euro-Americans in their political and military
dealings with [Aboriginal peoples] at the same time [Aboriginal] women were becoming dependent in individual
households on wage-earning and trading husbands.
Eleanor Leacock (1922-1987)
1. Who are We Talking About When We Talk About Aboriginal Peoples?
a. Aorigial is a urella ter eopassig Iuit, Métis ad First Natios
Talking about a very diverse group of people
Idia is a legal ategor, proleati, ol used for the Indian Act.
b. multiplicity of languages and cultural groups
60 different Aboriginal languages spoken
52 to state cultural roots
c. 79% live off-reserve; 59% in cities
d. poor oditios o reserves epitoized  2009 od ag sadal
Many reserves are characterized by poverty, illness and poor opportunity
116 reservation communities received warnings that their water was not usable (2009)
Rates of disease are high as a result of these living conditions, tuberculosis.
H1N1 hit Aboriginal communities much harder
Sept. 2009 several Aboriginal communities requested assistance from federal government, the
government sent the Aboriginal body bags whereas they sent non Aboriginal Canadians received full
care kits
2. Review (and Expansion Upon) Previous Discussions Relating to Aboriginal Peoples
a. social and economic marginalization
i. average income
Aboriginal income is aprox 35-40% lower than average
Amongst the poor women are the poorest
ii. Poverty
iii. death rate
5 times higher then general death rate
iv. life expectancy
Expected to live 6 to 10 years less then non Aboriginals
v. experiences with violence
Amongst aboriginal, 3x more likely to experience violence than no Aboriginal women
b. section 12 (1)(b) of the Indian Act
Aboriginal women with Indian Status who marries a man without Indian status lost her Indian status and so
did her future children. Kicked off the reserve and lost all benefits of Indian status.
i. Jeannette Corbiere-Lavell
Lost her Indian status and lost her case, it was not seen as biased because the law applied to all
Indian women.
ii. Mary Two-Ae Earl’s ativis
iii. Sandra Lovelace at the United Nations
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