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Lecture 2

SOSC 1510 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Social Forces, Krahn People, Asylum Seeker

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1510
Carla Lipsig- Mumme

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AP SOSC 1510 - lecture Wednesday, September 22, 2010
Outline of lecture:
We have always been a nation of immigrants? But Canada was not an empty land when the first Europeans arrived.
1. Migration today is a world-wide phenomenon.
2. Canadian migration, class relations, gender & settlement: a look back in time.
3. Coming to work in Canada: several meanings.
1. Migration today is a world-wide phenomenon.
A world on the move
o 214 million migrants today (United Nations)
o +37% in 20 years
One of the most powerful direct & indirect social forces & political shapers
o When large % of young/educated in country like Poland choose to work in England & Germany, migration matters
o We know that migration is not done easily
o Eg. Germany has for 30 years+ since 70s had much of manufacturing unskilled done by Turkish, difficult time getting in
o Migration is from need & sparks really heavy political debates, worldwide phenomenon developed recently
o This is large time for migration
Yet the issues of immigration not on the radar in the 1970s
o Asia & Africa = large desperate migration since WW2
See slide for Table of world-wide 214 million migrants
o All countries over last 20 years since 1990, significant rise in immigration vs. countries decrease or increased less than 2%
o Countries in decrease side, even though 70% now, was more 20 years ago simply for people not born in country
o Ethnic Russians going home, Former Soviet Republics decrease
o There are countries increasing & decreasing people taking in, even when have big numbers, still decreasing
o Unskilled labour taken in massively & sent back, etc.
o People on the move big time, bigger than everything since 1950
Home countries & host countries
o Home countries = ppl leave to elsewhere
Poor countries, left to go to wealthy countries Eg. Spain absorbed lots over last 15 years
People took unskilled jobs in host countries that ppl in host countries didn’t want
Largely difficulty to choose stay or leave
o Host countries = countries that receive immigrants
Anxious, will get too much immigration Eg. Big article on how much Philippine’s economy depends on the money
sent home by women working abroad as nurses, domestics, social works
5 ways that migration is new:
o Migration is global
people are moving everywhere, country to country in Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America
o Money sent home supports national economies
Eg. young Polish w/ good degrees work in Britain & France construction, $ sent home represents 2% GDP of Poland
Economy dependent of each other
Host country receives work for cheaper & home country is receiving money
o Feminisation of migration
New, before 1970s women who migrated from poor home countries came w/ family who decided to move, now
women in caring professions are moving on own, willing to be way from children & send money home
Transforms education opportunities for children left @ home, there’s distancing of mothers for years
o Technology
New, cell phones, skype, etc. To connect mothers & family
o Expectations that gov’t & national sovereignty set the rules
Large enough migration of ppl, real question of sovereignty of countries, ppl assume gov’t will regulate migration
Sovereignty crumbled under weight of numbers & Gov’t & national sovereignty is challenged by large scale immigration
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