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Lecture 10

SOSC 1731 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Social Mobility, Industrial Revolution


Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1731
Professor
Lewis Code
Lecture
10

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Lecture Notes 10
Part 1
- Industrial era began around 1700’s and the largest city was London (950000) with Paris
(550000) being second
oLondon began to expand and colonize around the world
oIndustrial revolution allowed for British empire to expand in Canada, India, and
Australia
Many naval bases
oCoal was a major key to industrial revolution
Allowed for steam powered machinery and an ‘unlimited’ supply of
energy
Everything was being run on coal from factories to ships to trains, etc.
More products could be manufactured as more resources were able to be
made
oCanals were being produced to allow for easier access for ships to transport goods
to different cities
Allowed for import of coals from coal mines
oIncrease of concentration of population with industrial revolution
oCity land owners were maximizing their profit
No thought of comfortable living
Wanted to have as many homes on their land as possible
Ex; Manchester homes
oHorrible exploitation of workers
Children were subject to working in factories
No standards or rules
- Change in lives
oSeparation of work and home
oSeparation of rural and urban
Urban life was filled with smoke from coal
oA new social elite: manufacturers, bankers, entrepreneurs
oUrban morphology: specialized production zones
oSocial mobility, suburbanization, economic recessions, grinding poverty, and
municipal governments
City life was undesirable due to pollution
Recessions due to productive capacity of production efficiency
Part 2
- Manchester began as an industrial city with no municipal government
oExpanded at a great rate b/c of industrial revolution
oFrom 1760-1800 population expands from 15k to 150k
- Friederich Engels (1844) explained the poor working/living conditions of the working-
class in England
oManchester river water was used for dyeing purposes
oExplains how dirty and mucky water was
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