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SOSC 1910 Lecture Notes - Grou, Woen, Canadian National Railway

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1910
Kerry Taylor

of 7
The idea this is all about systemic discrimination in the way that we think
about his group comes back to the systemic nature of the treatment. This is
for women
Discrimination built into the fabric of society
When we analyze women u can see a picture of what the system is so the
argument is that we have to look at both the public and private spheres of life
to address inequality in this case and we need to restructure the work world
and think about economy is based on a division of labor and devaluation of
particular jobs that women been channeled into and think about women’s
private sphere home responsibility and big argument is if we not look and
private and public together means no system solutions and need to look at
system as big interrelated whole
Chong- many feminist believed that the public sphere has to change first d
this is because it is seemed to be structured for men I the hypothetical
nuclear family and this situation were market assumes that men have
affectively no reasonability. It is a presumed absence of family caring for that
allows them to do better in public sphere this doesn’t reflect the reality lived
by mot families
we look at wage gap between women and men infernal an fluctuates and 29
% and she thinks that women as a whole make 70 cents for every dollar that
a man makes but if we loo at single women who have no children or fam
responsibility burdens when they are employed this group come scloser so
they can earn95 percetn of mens wages when doing the saem job and this
shows us that the more the women like act like a aman the closer she can
come to wage equality , what e need to do is look at what public sphre needs
to change so women and men are playing in the same game and think about
oliviting inequality fro women on lger scale
chjage I public sphere based on liberal feminist agendy which is reform that
targets getting women into oublic sphere ike employmenet when we look at
law we take away overt barriers to entry like laws thth said how women cud
not be laywers or docts what the feminist did was target this and took away
those barreirs to womens entery and ths is dominant conformity modle
which means that this tries to have women replicate what the men do and
based on ntion and formla equality
iformal equality is not were we want to end up we need to gof further and
think about hisotical discrimination passed its limitations
job wualitfaicaton andnposting- historical barriers to keep women out of
tradition male jobs
aritfiiale job criteria
think about how some jobs height and weight rest tio attached to them and
these hsve little to do wherter can person can do thejob , there has been job
requirements be 5 ’11 and way no less then 180 pounds but they dod not say
anything abt fitness or ability to do the job
the second case is that using word of mouth and context to let people know
that the people that u want to hrethat there is a job opening and rfered to a
old boys network and worked against women because those ho have held
these jobs have been male and white uspper class ppl like pllice and fireppl
work in this way
befor human rights tribulnal caseand employer as cn rail and they posted an
ad for jobs in railyard in mens washroom m and these obs had height and
weight restriction s and tribunal said inapprotiere because women ar
euhnliky to be in mens washroom so they cant see this and second sicne
there was machinery I railyard to do heavy jobs that hva erestriction it was
now possible for adults person to work in machine yard so cn advertised
widely that both men and women cud acces an dremove these and hire men
and women in sma propertions ad this rulng only apply to federal emplyers
an deahc private emplyers then had to eb taken on 1 at a tme this si battle
that comes slowly and incraentaly
1990 surperme crout case ths is a challenge to restictions by female forest
fire fighter= restitiosn were such that no women cud possibility leave them
and upreme court said that hey cud not set the bar so high that no women
possibly accomplish passing the test and this case the women was succesfful
for 3 years but she cud not oass this tets when applid to full time position .
test too high stahdards and outcome was that employers need to dela fairly
with wualificatios they dnt have to be identical were clearly impossibl to do
so cnat set bar higher then necessary to do the jobs
pay equity- folloing udhr just after second world war un passed ocnvetoon
equal oay to akwxlgde womns contributionsto war effort ad candia did not
radifiy convention for 10 years this co ventioonwas to dela ioht wag gap for
differnet wag eshdules for men and women tjht did the same jobs this was
not effective in creating big change and result was surprising since
sadlywomen became less likely to be ghored into mens job anad next
movement to get family wage was then the use provincial employemne
standards act and this deals with empllyment issues when thse came inot
play it becamse illegal to pay women lessfor same work and this legistaiton
looksed like a good moment but was also largly ineffective since it was a
complint based system.
When men and women not paid the ame the individual had to pesue case
individually difficult because women had to know thjatt the men were
earnng more then complain about it wth etehse complints came fear of
dismissial and concern tht if they did complai they might be passed over for
promotion and cases under here were unitied by unons and nky afew from
this source but radtionlal yunions were male dominated as well
Another problem with this is tht women and men were not doing the same
men were in differnet kinds f work and it didn’t provide access to mens work
an dall legistlaion managed to acocmlush to abolish gender based advetidn
gin news paper
1972- cnanda accepted internaion labour organtio for equal pay for wok of
equal valu and not same as equal pay for smaem job and based on
comparative analyse like male to female job catagories.
The asumptio n that women sjobs were just as valuable as mens even if there
were diffent
1979- un convention on elimination of all discrimination against women and
focus was based on notion that unequal payas u can see start to evelop
international I terms of candians responses we saw little activity federal or
provincial ogvernments and canda lgged behind internal moral standrds an
dwasnt until 1986 tht the fed gov introduced loosely worded section on
equal pay into fed hmna rights act and this act only deals with fed emplyees
and only applied to 0 percent fo the work force and then
1987- ontarionand afew other provinces finaly pssed seprate pay equity acts
and introduced pat equity legistlation and delat with both public and private
corps and business
this legslationwas very difficult to undertand it was based on a relaly intrakit
evaluation of skll and effort and responsibility and working conditions an
dused comparative job classification to rectifuy equity gap and results over
the last 20 years have been marginal gains an dgians dreop 29 poercent
the provinces and fed gov have either legislatied or hold funding for these
progrms this undernes the entire pay equity system like example in 9s cut
pay equity comisio budject in half and gov also eliminated pay equity legal
limit and legal assistance that helped ppl attain and launch equity cpmplians
this was in 12005v
the result of charter challenge that governmetns don’t need to pay out from
pay equity if they cannot afford it this sounds like this souds like the courts
saying uhoh we know that there are no socio economic rights protection stuff
ideas letting thme be playe out on the market and igov dnt have enough
market then dnt need to uphold actions
feb 2009 bill c1o passed public section compensation act this bill removed
fed pay equity to human rights commission and this piece removed fed
equity compliants to human rights commitions nad so pay equity is dealt
with collective bargaining process
if the complaint goes to arbitrationnthe arbitrator has to take markt course
into account so the market as we remember is one fo the main sources if
discrimination we seen in our society an taked about laws role is to try an
correct this but governments inc adan ar euling rug out and let market force
come back I
the resul is that we are clearly weakening alreadyw eka legislation an this is
problem becasu it is market forces that got us werewe ar ein the first palce
and this is example of how law can be oing sumthign evern when it dusnt
appear to do anthgn ata all
wgae gap stik priss when we think abt fam 76.8 wekes of work to keep
expenses covers
men no longer earna fam wage
employment equity si a form of affirmative action and flals under sec 15.2 of
charter ad way its described in and up stargtgy tht covers forus groups and
oe of groups I swomen this is for federal employees in case of women hat