Lecture 1 Human rights at the int'l level: 1) background & fundamental principles: 2) individual rights @ the international level & problematic distinctions a) political/civil rights b) economic rights c) social rights 3) collective rights a) ethno

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1910
Professor
AP SOSC 1210 (lecture) Wednesday,
September 16, 2009
Tutorial
Ideals we strive for in Universal Declaration of Rights
Moral guidelines only binding in states once incorporated
Human rights @ the international level:
1) background & fundamental principles:
2) individual rights @ the international level & problematic distinctions
a) political/civil rights
b) economic rights
c) social rights
3) collective rights
a) ethno-cultural & ethno-religious rights
b) right to self determination of a “peoples”
4) categorical rights
human rights try to achieve social equality & justice
UN critical to world not only peace
Eg. Steven Woods, CDN ambassador, mobilize to fight AIDS Africa
CDN citizens forward human right laws, gov’t do/don’t sometimes
Human rights viewed as country’s own policy
Targets of NAZI genocides Roma ppl, gay, lesbian, disabilities
No atroicites compared to ^
1945, int’l bill of rights developed
moral principles set down as UDHR UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
human rights are universal, central theme – universality, to all (sex, color, nationality,
etc.)
UDHR known as int’l bill of human right 1st piece
Documents considered to constitute have to include all the following in analysis, Bill:
oUDHR adopted, 1948
oInt’l covenant on social & cultural rights
oInt’l covenant on civil & political rights
oAbolishing death penalty
Subsequent documents:
oDisabled children, women, racialized, ethno cultural & religious, refugees
oRefined, clarified, improved to protect minority b/c normal rights can’t serve
specific needs
oUN covenant try to address women have diffential access
oHuman rights understanding evolve, continue challenge, opposition
1) gov’t struggle to keep power, internal threat
2) gov’t struggle to keep power, external threat
eg. US vs. Guantanamo Bay
- rationalized US under threat by terrorists, violation of human rights
- ethnic cleansing, Rwanda, Serbia, Darfour in Sudan
- atrocities exist & current
Put human rights into own legal scheme
Human rights are declaration of norms/standards, try to incorporate into own law
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Document Summary

Ideals we strive for in universal declaration of rights. Moral guidelines only binding in states once incorporated. Wednesday: background & fundamental principles, individual rights @ the international level & problematic distinctions, political/civil rights, economic rights, social rights, collective rights, categorical rights, ethno-cultural & ethno-religious rights, right to self determination of a peoples . Human rights try to achieve social equality & justice. Un critical to world not only peace. Steven woods, cdn ambassador, mobilize to fight aids africa. Cdn citizens forward human right laws, gov"t do/don"t sometimes. Human rights viewed as country"s own policy. Targets of nazi genocides roma ppl, gay, lesbian, disabilities. Moral principles set down as udhr universal declaration of human rights. Human rights are universal, central theme universality, to all (sex, color, nationality, Udhr known as int"l bill of human right 1st piece. Documents considered to constitute have to include all the following in analysis, bill: etc. ) Rationalized us under threat by terrorists, violation of human rights.