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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1910
Professor
Page:
of 3
AP SOSC 1210 (lecture) Wednesday,
November 4, 2009
Dimensions of Racism
1) The social construction of “race”
2) Invalidation ideology social Darwinism
3) Racism in the colonial context
a) - brief history of colonization contact period
- market period (negotiation and partnerships Royal Proclamation 1763)
- conflict period (control of land, establishment of reserves)
b) - model dominant group/minority relations during conflict period
- colonialism/racism in the paternalistic context
* Film: Duncan Campbell Scott, The Poet and The Indians
1) The social construction of “race”:
Deny flaws/mistakes = dismiss it like no significance
If it’s not your issue, it’s not an issue
Race not valid biological concept, refers to an arbitrary classifications of human population
using biological and genetic differences
Dr. Marks, Yale biologist, “race has no biological reality, human species doesn’t come
packaged that way”
Socially created concept, connect biology & behavior
Kallen: ^ continues to be used in racist ideology, biology determines temperament
&morality
oRole of women, seniors, etc
Race = social role (behavior, fit to do) & social space
Race consist of set of beliefs, set of roles and/or set of practices
Hierarchy based on human race (the lighter you are, the more human you are)
More civilized, more human, more right to dominate
Less human greater justification of violation of human rights
White racism, ideology more superior than non-whites
2) Invalidation ideology social Darwinism
Social Darwinism based on Charles Darwin, notion of “survival of fittest”
Pseudo scientific ideology whites more evolved than any other race
Based on theory “white population” super ordinate in terms of military
Power used as evidence (European) moral & intellectual superiority
“natural order of things” others served white, even if not in capacity of slaves
Western European, Christian, industrialized society vs. NON what white culture is
3) Racism in the colonial context
Colonialism notion of white supremacy used to legitimate the power over non-whites by
so called white colonizers
oColonialism: Italy, Germany, Spain, France, Dutch, Belgium, etc
oMany countries who colonized & many that were colonized
oEg. Americas, Africa, Pacific Islands, China, etc
a) - brief history of colonization contact period
Perception Eurocentric white racism not exclusive to white, endemic to human kind
Function of manipulation of differences in any social context, similar to sexism
oCreates advantage for one population over another
oLower status is social creation, no population inherently inferior
Reinforce & maintain groups higher social
Racism systemic, # of techniques of domination to assert & maintain
Primary techniques with respect to colonization
Applicable to Aboriginals control & use of land
oColonizers able to achieve many ends
oResources, denationalization of Aboriginals, dividing
Canada’s Aboriginal people First Nations & Inuit
Inuit shares common language, adaption to farm work
Aboriginals 100’s of different languages & cultures
Lowest estimation, 12000 years since settled, 8000 for Inuit’s
Policies same, paternalistic (fathering)
Columbus arrived, Aboriginal self-governing, oral active, spirituality, values, laws & art
complex social structure
French & English (Europeans) helped out by Aboriginals or else wouldn’t survive
- market period (negotiation and partnerships Royal Proclamation 1763)
Market theory
oPeriod exchanged fur & fishing
oPeriod of negotiation & co-existence (were equal)
oFirst nations needed for skill
Treat of peace, friendship & respect
Each group to travel own way, treaty contained agreement travel separately (two row wam
pum)
1763, Royal Proclamation, significant time for Aboriginal
oPromise by British crown, George III, promised
oTo protect Aboriginal lands from European
oContinue use and occupancy of land by themselves
Crown inserted self between Aboriginal & settlers, created direct relations with settlers
oNeeded Aboriginal as allies or at least not enemy
Natives into his agreement, not able to turn land to anyone but Crown
Crown of Canada = Queen & Governor
- conflict period (control of land, establishment of reserves)
Expansion of settler population began conflict
Transition: need good land & fresh water (occupied by Aboriginals)
System of reserve lands established by Canadian government
Treaties less than often negotiated
Trust became violation of treaty
System of reserves Indian Act, established absolute control over first nations
o1876, Indian Act
o1867, gov’t assumed control over first nations
B) - model dominant group/minority relations during conflict period
- colonialism/racism in the paternalistic context
Majority assumptions: immature, inferior, incompetent, savage
Rationale: white = might = right(s)
Invalidation: ideology & racism
Majority policy: benevolent despotism, control of land
Human rights violation: collective, deinculturation, attempted culture genocide,
denationalization, neglect
Internal pattern & the self-fulfilling prophecy
Outcome: minority status
Created dependency, collective, disadvantage
oRight to participate to vote, elections to vote in, participate in political
decision making process

Document Summary

Dimensions of racism: the social construction of race , invalidation ideology social darwinism, racism in the colonial context, - brief history of colonization contact period. Conflict period (control of land, establishment of reserves: - model dominant group/minority relations during conflict period. * film: duncan campbell scott, the poet and the indians: the social construction of race : Deny flaws/mistakes = dismiss it like no significance. If it"s not your issue, it"s not an issue. Race not valid biological concept, refers to an arbitrary classifications of human population using biological and genetic differences. Dr. marks, yale biologist, race has no biological reality, human species doesn"t come packaged that way . Socially created concept, connect biology & behavior. Kallen: ^ continues to be used in racist ideology, biology determines temperament. Race = social role (behavior, fit to do) & social space. Race consist of set of beliefs, set of roles and/or set of practices.