SOSC 3041 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Informal Sector, Lean Manufacturing, Limited Government

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23 Jul 2016
September 22: Labour class, lecture two
- There was an economic boom, post WWII.
- Then there was a decline, Europe and Japan combined together and made
that decline. Other industries were also growing, which creates competition.
Makes cheaper, compete with crisis.
- Multinational and corporate power: big companies, moving across the
borders. Not all production is happening here.
- Lean production:
- Informal work was being done, more difficult jobs. Immigrants get the harder
job, because you can pay them a lot less, lack of education, exploitation.
- Women work more with sewing and men with machines. Gender specific
roles. Women have less resistant, than men. Give you less terrible, not going
to argue, less likely to form collective, unions.
- Neoliberalism: individualism. A market with limited government influence.
- There are also political, social, cultural and environmental changes.
- International institution: world bank
- Creating more competition and a bit of crisis
- Negative to social movements: Mexican labors resisting NAFTA, group of
people resisting globalization. Unions have less bargaining powers. Why
resisting in Mexico? Working conditions, don’t get the same type of safety
equipment’s. Any job is better than no job (developing country) than a
developed country. And they don’t know what their rights are. So they
accept condition, because they don’t know their rights.
- However, it is breaking up families.
- How are unions weaker now: density (30%),
- Public sector:
- Police
- Private: york (corporations)
- Globalization: way of connecting the world. Everything is becoming one,
economies are being more connected, we are connected
- Smaller communities: they can be self-sufficient, trade among themselves,
- Reputation conscious buyer:
- Creation of a global infrastructure: outside of that
- Nation-state: small states
- Why do you need a global infras: different rules, made of international
standards. May not recognize unions.
- Political economy:
- 3 pressures: extensions of property rights,
- Concession bargaining:
- Corporatist state: Mexico is that. A corporate group and other actors in
society including labour and the state are close to each other.
- North American Bloc: Mexico, US and canada
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