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Lecture 6

SOSC 3130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Denim, Market Failure, Clean House

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 3130
Jan Kainer

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Women’s Paid and Unpaid Work in the Great Depression
Denise Baillargeon, “Working for Pay and Managing Household Finances”
Lara Campbell ch. 1“’Giving All the Good in Me to Save My Children’” in course kit.
-why did women insist on doing housework —-fear of being lazy, didnt have a choice, it was their job,
stigma, pride
-all day job
-women starved during the depression — 1 meal a day to sacrifice
-intensified their work
-exterior calmness
-pride for men to wear bought clothes
-also harder for women to make the mens clothes —denim
-deserted by husbands sometimes
-criticized for being in labour market — moral argument —feminine duty and respectability
-sexual harassment from boarders
-background of the 30s
-1929 stock market crash—beginning of economic crisis globally
- run on the banks—bank failures
-massive unemployment international trade collapse exports to USA limited, job losses huge
-solution: USA, roosevelt new deal; job work projects; collective bargaining wagner act 1935 a time of
innovation alongside despair
-people buying and selling stocks to increase income, leads to overvaluation of stock
-50% of american banks went under
-shortage of money in financial system
-international trade collapsed
-farmers were a driver of the economy
-much dust—dust bowl
-farming practices rethought
-few social supports and welfare state
-government didn't provide people with support
-little safety net
- church as an institution to service the poor
-security firms bailed
-home foreclosures
-current market failure mirrors some of the problems of todays society
-the new deal —franklin Roosevelt —labour legislation, union recognition and collective bargaining
-Industrial democracy and fight wages so they can get wages and working conditions they need
-arts funded
-industrial unionism
-questioning mainstream values encouraged
-innovation and imagination
-facisim - japan, hitler
-communism - russia
-liberal democracy - Canada & us
-employers exploited their workers — harsh standers, assembly line production, maximize efficiency,
speed up on assembly line
-work in factories were regulated by machines, stop watches, etc
-workers feeling exploited and alienated
-employers new workers were dispensable
-women —- work and respectability
-work hard, fast, accurately
-paid lower than men—dependency in the family and reinforced the norm model
-weren't really viewed as wage earners
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