Attempts to unionize american film workers takes place over a long period of time: long period of unionization that took a long time hostile attitude initially towards unions by police, etc. Creative talent (best-paid writers, directors, actors/actresses, artistic input into the production of films) Skilled professionals (publicity/marketing of films, set designing, film editing) Studio technicians (crafts camera operators, cameramen, soundmen, lab technicians) All unionized, but in reverse order: craftsmen first to sign industry-wide agreement in 1927 paves way for others: creative talent had the hardest time getting organized screen. Writer"s guild had the hardest time getting unionized (organized in. 1941 and yet had a large number of political people within) 1922 major studios in the industry form the motion pictures producers and. Spoke for the owners of the various companies and negotiated with labour. Interesting: created an organization called academy of motion picture arts and.