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VISA 2110 (1)


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York University
Visual Arts
VISA 2110
Andrew Bieler

7century- San Juan de banos • Visigothic architecture • Horseshoe arch o Originates in Spain, not Islamic/Arabic even though its used extensively in Islam • Interior: o Straightforward basilica o Horseshoe arch at apse o Woodroofed in nave, barrel vault in apse o Horseshoe arches down main arcade o Two-storey elevation: main arcade and clearstory o Corinthian-type capitals o Raised sanctuary area o Painted ornament above frieze inside (assume that church was fully painted) 7century- San pedro de la nave • Another visigothic church • Basilican plan • Nave running into crossing • Single aisles • Inside: o Space is compartmentalized o Red brick was added later o Chancel has horseshoe arch o Barrel vault runs out of the chancelinto the sanctuary o Columns have carved abacai with old testament figures (historiated capitals) o Nave columns have figures on capitalwith birds on the abacus o Choir columns are oppositely placed o Ashlar masonry walls o In chancel: blind arcade and flower ornamentson columns (shows a division of spaces), and marble used ~675- Santa comba de bande • Is in greek cross plan • But, ashlar is used • Built on hilltop overlooking a valley and river • Interior: o Similar to San Pedro de la Nave (division of pockets of space) o Ashlar coursing insideno columns in nave, only in chancel o Columns are marble o Corinthian-type capitals o Barrel vaulting extending out of chancel into sanctuary o Central crossing areais groin vaulted, made of stone with mortar o Frieze that runs along crossing drops to a lower level around corners (this seen at previous two churches) 7century- Santa maria de quintanillade las vinas • Basic basilican plan • Cleancut ashlar outside • Ornamantal frieze along exterior • Inside: o Eastend has horseshoe arch o Ashlar masonry o Impost capitals holding horseshoe arch frame the chancel 7-8century- Santa maria de melque • Ashlar used throughout • Horseshoe arch entrance on west end • Had crossing tower (now destroyed) • Is on greek cross plan, but larger scale • Eastern chancel has small window shaped in horseshoe arch o Rounded edges around outside of eastern chancel • Inside: o Space is segmented o Low-level arch at crossing o No nave o Horseshoe arches,si gle stones for voussoirs o Apse has ashlar masonry, is in a semi-dome o No engaged columns framing chancel (may have been used as a monastery, not church) o Single stones used for compound piers (characteristic of visigothic architecture to use single large stones) • Has funurary chapel with horseshoe arches (made with single large stone blocks) • Crossing area is domed with groins at corners (key in Mozarabic architecture) 7century- San antolin, palencia cathedral • Looking at crypt: • Nave area was added later • Becomes known as pre-romanesque architecture (8-10 century) • Eastern side has chiselled columns o Simple bases with carved abacai 8century- crypt of Santa Leocidia • Single hall, barrel vaulted • Barrel vault is plastered over • Upper hall was place of worship, lower hall was funurary hall Santianes de pravia • Mozarabic architecture (?) • Church was inspired by visigothic architecture o Wanted ti re-establish chrisitanity in area again • Rounded apse, not square • Central hall, nave • Central porch on west end • Difference from visigothic: o No longer using ashlar throughout, only used on corners (exterior) • Everything east of crossing is later • Red brick arches inisde o Arches no longer on columns, but on piers • Small pockets of windows • Has royal tribune inside (similar tribune at Aachen) o Triple arches o Larger window behind to light tribune • Rubble-built masonry inside San Julian de los Pradas, Oviedo • Basilican plan • Exterior ashlar masonry for corners only • Red brick arches above entrances with post-and-lintel for support o Red brick arch also around windows • Outside: o East side also has red brick arches, ashlar corners, small windows o Two buttresses support o Large window above high altar used for ventilation and for ornamental articulation of the high altar o West entrance has single stone posts and single stone lintel • Inside: o Large clearstory windows o Red brick masonry plastered over o Fully painted junction of nave running into transept o 3-chapel east end o Entire interior is frescoed over o No figural representations in the fresco, only polygons and other shapes o Tribune on north side of chancel • Painted articulation inside chapels o Stone columns inside middle chapel, only painted columns in side chapels o Chapels are barrel vaulted, nave area is woodroofed • Connections are made to carolingians • Looks back to Holy Roman Empire Santa maria de bendones • Red brick arches • Ashlar masonry on corners outside • Single stone slabs for th
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