BSNS105 Lecture 2 2013 Semester 1

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Department
Business Studies
Course
BSNS105
Professor
Diane Ruwhiu
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 2: The meaning of organisation  Chapter 8, 10, Jones’ except Key focuses of this lecture: - The meaning of organisation? - Thinking strategically about organisations 1. The meaning of ‘organisation’ * A social entity that is goal directed and deliberately structured. * A tool people use to coordinate their actions to obtain something they desire or value. * Organisations come into being to achieve a purpose – where does that purpose come from? Purpose Different organisational purposes lead to different kinds of organisations; different systems of organisation &  management. Agricultural Manufacturing Services - Create/source organic  - Create inorganic/organic  Transforms human customer objects to sell objects to sell - Satisfying  - Transforms other organic  - Transforms objects into  multiple needs/desires/states  products: soil, water, plants,  different objects of being/customer animals, etc. -  Physical, tangible,  - Provides an  - E.g. Harbour Fish,  transferable products experience Fonterra - E.g. Boeing - Intangible  (mostly); - Consumed as  delivered (mostly).  Motivations Different motivations (as distinct from purpose) can also lead to different kinds of organisations; this means:  different systems of organisation & management. Motivation is often related with ownership. Private Sector Public Sector Community Sector * Individual/family & Publically  * Government ­ for profit * Not profit motivated; cost  listed ­ shareholders - Local: Dunedin airport recovery (?) * Motivation generally is profit­ - National: Solid energy * Funded: fees, grants, donations,  making (investing money to  * Government – non­profit voluntary labour produce goods/services for more  - Local: The Botanic Gardens - E.g. Clubs & Societies money; a commercial aim) - National: Child, youth and  - Trusts: Free service, money  * Employees answerable to owners 
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