Lecture 2: The meaning of organisation Chapter 8, 10, Jones’ except
Key focuses of this lecture:
- The meaning of organisation?
- Thinking strategically about organisations
1. The meaning of ‘organisation’
* A social entity that is goal directed and deliberately structured.
* A tool people use to coordinate their actions to obtain something they desire or value.
* Organisations come into being to achieve a purpose – where does that purpose come from?
Different organisational purposes lead to different kinds of organisations; different systems of organisation &
Agricultural Manufacturing Services
- Create/source organic - Create inorganic/organic Transforms human customer
objects to sell objects to sell
- Transforms other organic - Transforms objects into multiple needs/desires/states
products: soil, water, plants, different objects of being/customer
- Physical, tangible, - Provides an
- E.g. Harbour Fish, transferable products experience
Fonterra - E.g. Boeing - Intangible
- Consumed as
Different motivations (as distinct from purpose) can also lead to different kinds of organisations; this means:
different systems of organisation & management. Motivation is often related with ownership.
Private Sector Public Sector Community Sector
* Individual/family & Publically * Government for profit * Not profit motivated; cost
listed shareholders - Local: Dunedin airport recovery (?)
* Motivation generally is profit - National: Solid energy * Funded: fees, grants, donations,
making (investing money to * Government – nonprofit voluntary labour
produce goods/services for more - Local: The Botanic Gardens - E.g. Clubs & Societies
money; a commercial aim)
- National: Child, youth and - Trusts: Free service, money
* Employees answerable to owners