Health Psychology and Social Context
- Thinking critically about health and abnormality
- Health psychology and clinical psychology as complementary subfields
- Why social contextual factors are important when studying health
psychology and clinical psychology?
- Social contextual groupings that relate to health
An introduction to the concept of health
- Is health the absence of illness?
The Biomedical Model:
- How is illness defined by this model?
- Anything which disrupts the body’ functioning:
-An illness= physiological abnormality
- Neurochemical abnormality -> abnormal behaviour
- Dealt with my psychiatrists
- Treatment = matched medication or neurosurgery
-Long-lasting, sometimes self-manageable (Eg. Diabetes)
-Can onset from an acute illness or gradually
- Usually cyclical, sometimes terminal
- The focus of most health psychology research
The concept of health:
-Is health the absence of illness? –No.
- How is health defined?
-“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
-“The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one
the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion,
political belief, economic or social condition.”
- Word Hea