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Psyc203-Health Psychology and Social Context.docx

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University of Otago
Dione Healey

Psyc203 Health Psychology and Social Context  Key Ideas: - Thinking critically about health and abnormality - Health psychology and clinical psychology as complementary subfields - Why social contextual factors are important when studying health psychology and clinical psychology? - Social contextual groupings that relate to health - Models  An introduction to the concept of health - Is health the absence of illness?  The Biomedical Model: - How is illness defined by this model? - Anything which disrupts the body’ functioning: -An illness= physiological abnormality - Neurochemical abnormality -> abnormal behaviour - Dealt with my psychiatrists - Treatment = matched medication or neurosurgery  Chronic Illness: -Long-lasting, sometimes self-manageable (Eg. Diabetes) -Can onset from an acute illness or gradually - Usually cyclical, sometimes terminal - The focus of most health psychology research  The concept of health: -Is health the absence of illness? –No. - How is health defined? -“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” -“The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.” - Word Hea
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