Class Notes (836,580)
New Zealand (288)
Psychology (68)
PSYC203 (40)
Lecture

Part 1- L1.docx

4 Pages
97 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC203
Professor
Gareth Treharne
Semester
Spring

Description
Part 1- L1 Normal .vs. abnormal development History of child treatment - Throughout history children have been used as labourers and those with behavioural problems were seen as possessed - Those with intellectual disabilities were kept in cages - Cruelty to animals became punishable in 1911 o 60 earlier than cruelty to children - Parents were able to do whatever they wanted to their children. - There were very little laws and rights. - The UN convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was established 1989 - NZ adopted these principles in 1993 - NZ government does not have a Minister for Children - Un convention, children have a right to: o Survival o Develop to their fullest potential o Access to education o Protection from harmful influences, abuse, and exploitation o Participate fully in family, cultural and social life o Have their views, wants, and needs respected Erik Ericsons theory of child development - Ericson’s theory is most probably the best - Psychologists use it for guiding child development. - Stage 1 o TRUST .VS. MISTRUST o 1 year of life o Feeling of trust is developed in an environment where the child feels physically comfortable and experiences a minimal amount of fear o Depends largely on the quality of parent-child relationship o Sets the stage for seeing the world as a safe/pleasant/nice place to live o Having a problem in one stage will remain with the person over time o You do not get stuck in a certain stage but you do lack the properties the stage has o Childs basic needs are met o Reliabilities are made (fed, changed etc.) o The opposite results will happen if needs are not met o World will be seen as scary and unpredictable - Stage 2 o AUTONOMY .VS. SHAME AND DOUBT o 1-3 year o After gaining trust infants feel safe to assert their autonomy/independence o High restraint or high punishment during infancy can lead to a sense of shame and doubt in themselves o Self-sufficient behaviour. o teaching to do things for themselves o you can’t do everything for them all the time and never let them do/learn anything  They won’t learn anything or develop a sense of independence o On the contrary if you always make them do it themselves they will be embarrassed and shameful because they cannot do it o Modelling will help the child learn o Asking them if they know how to do it and then if they still cant do it model it for them - Stage 3 o INITIATIVE .VS. GUILT o 3-5 years o Initiative adds to autonomy o The quality of undertaking, planning and attacking a task for the sake of being active in meeting life challenges o Developing a sense of responsibility increases initiative o Guilt feeling may arise if the child is made to feel irresponsible or too anxious about successfully meeting challenges o Need to encourage the initiative. o Having really high expectations, such as when the parent is getting angry o Parents need to be patient and supportive. - Stage 4 o INDUSTRY .VS. INFERIORITY o 5-12 years o Initiative leads to contact with new information which leads to mastery and knowledge o Teachers play a significant role in childs feelings of inferiority/positive sense of self o Increase effectiveness in good particular areas o Learn persistence for those areas they aren’t good at o This revolves a lot at school. - Stage 5 o IDENTITY .VS. ROLE CONFUSION o 12-18 years o The adolescent is newly concerned wih how they appear to others o Positive id
More Less

Related notes for PSYC203

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit