Part 1- L6
- Genetic influences
o Early child temperament
o High irritability and low frustration tolerance
o Goodness of fit between child and adult- children become grumpier and then cycle
between child and parent.
o Also parents give in sometimes.
- Parental psychopathology
o Substance abuse, maternal depression (more irritated, less energy, no motivated to
look after child)
o Drugs (cortisol) that heightens ability to cope with stress.
o Lower autonomic activity.
- Family influences
o Family environments, poor supervision, substance abuse (large amounts time on
drugs/alcohol therefore less time with children)
o Substance abuse is seen as self-medicating
o Harsh inconsistent punishment associated with not learning good emotion
o Overly permissive parents (soft) always giving in to children, particularly ODD.
- Etiological model
o Pattersons bidirectional hypothesis
o Social-cognitive/ information processing biases
ODD patient will think that there is still difference that someone is still being
mean to the other when other people will judge the scenario as neutral
o Peer influences