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PSYC203 (40)

Part 3- L1.docx

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Gareth Treharne

Part 3- L1 Health Psychology and Social Context How is illness defined under biomedicine? Anything which disrupts the body’s functioning - All illness = physiological abnormality - Neurochemical abnormality > abnormal behaviour - Dealt with by psychiatrists - Treatment = matched medication or neurosurgery Chronic illness - Long lasting, sometimes self-manageable o Diabetes - Can onset from an acute illness or gradually - Usually cyclical, sometimes terminal - The focus of most health psychology research How is health defined? - Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (illness, weakness) - The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being with distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition The bio-psycho-social model - Healthcare should take into account o Physiological pathology  Bio o Mental processes  Psycho o Structural context  Social - Is this missing spirituality? o A concern for what exists beyond oneself and the physical world Te Whare Tapa Wha - A Maori model of health that incorporates spirituality - Depicted as a house with four wall - Te taha tinana o The bodily side o Bio - Te taha hinengaro o The psychological side - Te taha whanau o The family side o Social - Te taha wairua o The spiritual side Reading – Glover - 130 smokers aged 16-62 (mean 35) planning to quit - When reading take note of what led to success in smoking cessation from across o Te taha tinanan o Te taha hinengaro o Te taha whanau o Te taha wairua What is health psychology? - Defined as o “… contributions of the discipline of psychology to the promotion and
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