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Lecture 5

LAW 121G Lecture 5: Natural law theories

Course Code
LAW 121G
Jane Kelsey

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What constitutes law and why do most people, today, unconsciously obey it?
The law constitutes of a set of rules that are typically based on principles that are agreed by the
majority due to its significance in organising society and benefiting hardworking individuals. It also
protects people from corrupt acts through punishment and compensation.
Most people, today, unconsciously obey it as people want to fit in with society and get along well
with other people because collaboration allows for greater achievements. There are also
punishments involved when the law is infringed, and it often includes the eradication of the
idiiduals tie ad oey.
How do we go about determining which laws are moral and which are not and arguments that the
right laws should be obeyed and the wrong ones can be ignored?
We determine which laws are moral through our set of core values and beliefs. These do differ
across religions and cultures, but there are consensuses that the majority do agree on such as
stealig is ad. Morality is related to the idea of osiee hih is iate to eeryoe. I go y
Christian beliefs, and the code of conducts are set out in the Bible.
Wrong laws can be ignored or passively avoided by finding loopholes. Immoral laws are often fixed
over time as viewpoints change and perspective reviewing takes place. Wrong ones can be ignored
however penalties still apply, but it is natural for consequences to weaken or perish when a large
number of people continuously ignore the immoral law, and it slowly becomes accepted that the
relevant law is in need of reform or elimination
Where the law requires that we do something that contravenes our moral beliefs, out we to obey
it? Is it even a proper law?
We obey the law as we do not want to face the consequences of contravening law. However, this is
often the case for when many people agree with the law. If the majority do not agree, and it
becomes socially acceptable to disobey, people would disobey. Weak opposing opponents are
factors that influence decisions as well. Furthermore, we could obey laws in practice, but mentally
and emotionally our cognitive mind will be in disharmony, conflict, and disgust. It would also be
believed in mind that the law is not proper law morally.
How is the law distinct from other methods of social control and rules? What gives it its legitimacy
Universal sense
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