Violence

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOSC 111
Professor
Kevin Dew
Semester
Fall

Description
Violence Violence as Nature  Thomas Hobbes 1651 Leviathan. Life in the state of nature as “nasty, brutish and short”, a war of all against all  Cesare Lombroso 1870s – criminals as biological regressions  1930s and 40s connection between physique and personality traits  Late 19 century notion of “bad blood”, criminality in the family, “feeble- mindedness”  1960s and discovery of XYY configuration and initial link to violence  2006 “Warrior gene” controversy  Essay on the inequality of the Human Races (1853-5) Joseph de Gobinaeu  Discrediting of “race” and the turn to a “new racism” centers on culture?  Samuel Huntington and “The Clash of Civilizations” (1993) – shift from conflict centered on ideology to conflict centered on civilizations Psychological Approaches  Sigmund Freud and the infant in the grip of the “pleasure principle”  Socialization, the “reality principle”, and the superego  Failures in socialization might mean a weak superego  John Bowlby – delinquency linked with “maternal deprivation
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