MUS 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Strophic Form, Ternary Form, Ostinato

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MUS 101 Terms General Chapters 4,5,6
1. Consonance: occurs with a resolution of dissonance, producing a stable or restful sound.
2. Dissonance: Is created by an unstable, or discordant, combination of pitches.
3. Harmony: describes the vertical aspects of music; how notes (pitches) sound together.
4. Chord: is the simultaneous sounding of three or more pitches.
5. Texture: Refers to the interweaving of the melodic lines with harmony.
6. Monophony: Is the simplest texture, a single voice or line without accompaniment.
7. Polyphony: Describes a many voiced texture with different melodic lines, based on
counterpoint- one line set against another.
8. Homophony: Occurs when one melodic voice is prominent over the accompanying lines or
voices.
9. Imitation: Is a common unifying technique in polyphony.
10. Canon: A strictly imitative work.
11. Round: Simplest and most familiar form of canon is round.
12. Form: Is the organizing principle in music; its basic elements are repetition, contrast and
variation.
13. Strophic form: common in songs, features repeated music for each stanza of text.
14. Through-composed form: there are no large repeated sections.
15. Binary form (A-B): basic structure in music.
16. Ternary form (A-B-A): basic structure in music
17. Theme: melodic idea in a large-scale work, can be broken into small, component fragments
(motives).
18. Subject: constitutes the unifying idea, the focal point of interest in the contrapuntal web.
19. Call and response: a repetitive style involving a soloist and a group.
20. Improvisation: some music is created spontaneously in performance.
21. Ostinato: is the repetition of a short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern.
22. Movements: Large-scale compositions, such as symphonies and sonatas, are divided into
sections, or movements.
23. Motive: a small fragment that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit.
24. Motif: a short succession of notes producing a single impression; a brief melodic or rhythmic
formula out of which longer passages are developed.
25. Sequence: A sequence results when a motive is repeated at a different pitch.
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