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Lecture 11

PHIL-105 FA2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Cogito Ergo Sum

Course Code
PHIL-105 FA2

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Lecture Notes 2/28/2017
Tuesday, February 28, 2017
1:07 PM
Descartes decides that he is going to call absolutely everything into question
The evil demon distorts everything and calls everything into question around him
Cogito means I think and cogito ergo sum means I think therefore I am
1. Doubt
2. The Cogito (I think) (the fact of my existence)
3. What am I? (the nature of my existence)
4. Thinking substance
4B. Modes:
1. Doubting
2. Willing
3. Refusing
4. Imagines
5. Seeking
1. Extended substance
2. Modes (we know this and 5 exist as ideas)
Modes are ontological dependent on substance
Gets its being from a substance
Less degree of reality (modes) to a higher degree of reality (substance)
Innate - native to the mind
Adventitious - origin is outside/involuntary
Factitious - created by me
Casual principle - something can't come from nothing, everything has to have a case, something must
have as much reality as the case (something more real can't come from something less real)
Formal reality - the amount of reality that something actually has
Objective reality - the amount of reality that is represented in an idea
Modes to finite substance to infinite substance
Less degree of reality to higher degree of reality to highest degree of reality
Less perfect to more perfect to most perfect
He desires to find a completely provable reason that God exists
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