CSD 3366 Lecture 5: CSD 3366 Chapter 5 Social Context

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Communication Sciences And Disorders
CSD 3366
Emily Lakey

Chapter 5 Social Context • Language is acquired within the context of interactions between infant and caregiver • Social context of language helps infants understand that language • Caregiver assumes the child is attempting to communicate meaningfully and responds accordingly o Babies have visual preference for the human face o Caregiver interprets eye contact as a sign of attention o Babies prefer acoustic patterns of its mothers voice • Recognition behaviors o Eyes widen o Face broadens o Tilt head toward source • Face and Head o Important for communication o Relatively advanced development o Head movements have high signal value to caregiver • Sleep- awake patterns increase periods for interaction • Awake periods o Specific action frequencies o Increasing predictability o Aids infant’s interpretation Socialization and Early Communication • Interactional sequences o Gaze and vocalization o Respond with movement and eye contact • Social Smile o Around 3-6 weeks old o Response to human face and eye gaze • Internal facial schemes o Develops around 3 months o Stimulus power of a given face relates to similarity to or differences from internal facial schemes o If distorted from expectations, the baby loses attention or gets upset Infant-caregiver vocal patterns • Concurrent patterns: vocalizations of infant and caregiver overlap • Alternating patterns- sequential turn taking in vocalizations of infant and caregiver o Around 12-18 weeks Gaze Patterns • Joint attention- gaze directed at objects o Caregiver monitors and follows infant’s gaze • Mutual gaze- infant and caregiver looking at one another o Gaze coupling- turn taking interaction of making and breaking eye contact ▪ Important for attachment ▪ around 3 months old Responsivity • child learns signal value of specific behaviors o around 3 months • stimulus-response sequence • immediate positive caregiver responsiveness increases a child’s motivation to communicate Imitation • facial imitation- 4-6 months • hand and nonspeech imitation- 6-8 months Protoconversations- contain elements of conversations • around 3 months • initiation, mutual orientation, gree
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