HIS-1400 Lecture 7: 07- The Islamic Empires and Global Trade

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Empires began as small warrior principalities in frontier areas, with ethnic turks from. Central asia: as they grew, they developed elaborate administrative and military institutions. Each empire began to grow into an effective government. Three major islamic empires: ottoman empire, safavid empire, mughal empire, called (cid:862)gu(cid:374)po(cid:449)de(cid:396)(cid:863) e(cid:373)pi(cid:396)es (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause they (cid:272)a(cid:373)e to po(cid:449)e(cid:396) soo(cid:374) afte(cid:396) the development of gunpowder weapons. Fou(cid:374)ded i(cid:374) the ea(cid:396)ly (cid:1005)(cid:1010)(cid:1004)(cid:1004)"s (cid:271)y muha(cid:373)(cid:373)ed i(cid:374) the a(cid:396)a(cid:271)ia(cid:374) pe(cid:374)i(cid:374)sula. Muslims believed muhammed received divine revelations from god. They consider him to be the last profit of god. He died in 62, and revelations were recorded in the qu(cid:396)"a(cid:374) Upo(cid:374) muha(cid:373)(cid:373)ed"s death, the(cid:396)e (cid:449)as a di(cid:448)ide i(cid:374) the (cid:272)o(cid:373)(cid:373)u(cid:374)ity o(cid:374) (cid:449)ho should (cid:272)arry his legacy: sunni (80% of all muslims) believed his successor was to be elected. Crushed opposition: hi"a (no more than 20%) believed that ali ibn abi talib (ali) was the true heir to the teachings, and had been destined to be the successor.

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