HIS-1700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Absolute Monarchy, Enlightened Absolutism, Gallican Church

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7 Feb 2017
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Tues. jan 7.
Kings & Queens
Birth of the Nation State
Dynastic
Powerful kings and queens
Models for monarchy
o Absolute
o Constitutional
Strategies for success
Routes to failure
*Important Dynasty Examples
Habsburg Dynasty (southern Europe & Spain)
Tudors (England)
Valois (France)
Common Themes, European Monarchies
Power consolidated in hereditary monarch
Power fostered by strategic marriages
Power of church subordinated to power of
monarch
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2
Faith and language linked to national identity
Aristocrats supported, rather than opposed,
monarchs
New style armies owed allegiance to monarch
Links between taxes and military power
Improvement of administrative structures and
processes
Some talented monarchs
Decline of feudalism weakened independent
aristocracy
Nobility went into state service
Rise of money economy increased monarchs power
and influence (taxes and patronage)
New style armies owed direct allegiance to
monarchs
Models for nation state development
Absolute monarchy
Constitutional monarchy England
Bourgeois republic Netherlands
Early Great Powers
Spain
o United aristocracy and church behind
monarch
o Success supported by wealth of huge empire
o Forged identity through religion roman
Catholicism, Spain. Marginalization of
Jews and Muslims (mores)
o Lacked commercial development
France
o Largest population in Europe
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