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Lecture 10

PSY 2213 Lecture 10: Psych Oct. 24 & 26
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4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY-2213
Professor
Andrew Smith

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explanation for obedience
situational obligation
social norms to obey authority
loss of responsibility for participant
escalating commitment
obedience started small
related to the foot-in-the-door technique for persuasion
replicated the milligram study
70% of the participants went up to the 150 volts compared to 80%
men =67% women = 72%
obedience was not related to age, ethnicity, and other demographics variables
obedience not related to empathetic concern or desire for control
however, correlation between empathy and needing prods to continue
Social Roles
being in a group influences behavior through:
social norms: “rules” a group has for acceptable behaviors, values, and
beliefs of its members
obedience to authority, reciprocity
social roles: expectations about how specific group members should
behave
people change behavior to match expectations of roles
can be intentional or unintentional (automatic)
examples:
hanging out with friends
hanging out with family
hanging out with boss
people can shift in and out of these roles
Stanford prison study
participants knew (somewhat) what they were volunteering for
experiment about a prison simulation
experiment only ended up lasting a few days
the participants quickly assumed their “assigned” roles:
many of the guards become quite abusive, harassing and
humiliating the prisoner
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Description
find more resources at oneclass.com • explanation for obedience ◦ situational obligation ▪ social norms to obey authority • loss of responsibility for participant • escalating commitment ◦ obedience started small ◦ related to the foot-in-the-door technique for persuasion • replicated the milligram study ◦ 70% of the participants went up to the 150 volts compared to 80% ◦ men =67% women = 72% • obedience was not related to age, ethnicity, and other demographics variables • obedience not related to empathetic concern or desire for control ◦ however, correlation between empathy and needing prods to continue Social Roles • being in a group influences behavior through: ◦ social norms: “rules” a group has for acceptable behaviors, values, and beliefs of its members ▪ obedience to authority, reciprocity ◦ social roles: expectations about how specific group members should behave • people change behavior to match expectations of roles ◦ can be intentional or unintentional (automatic) ▪ examples: ▪ hanging out with friends ▪ hanging out with family ▪ hanging out with boss ▪ people can shift in and out of these roles • Stanford prison study ◦ participants knew (somewhat) what they were volunteering for ▪ experiment about a prison simulation ◦ experiment only ended up lasting a few days ◦ the participants quickly assumed their “assigned” roles: ▪ many of the guards become quite abusive, harassing and humiliating the prisoner find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com ▪ most prisoners became passive, helpless, and withdrawn • participants fell into roles because: ◦ ambiguity in the situation ▪ there were some rules, but most were improvised ▪ no one had proper training ◦ stress of situation ◦ loss of identity Social Psychology in the Real World • could something like the Stanford Prison Study happen in the real world? ◦ prison abuse at Abu Ghraib ▪ in 2004, American military guards abused prisoners in Abu Ghraib ( a prison in Iraq) ◦ numerous cases of physical beatings, sexual abuse, and psychological humiliation ◦ eventually, pictures surfaced of U.S soldiers smiling in front of abused Iraqi prisoners. • read pages 228 - 230 of the text book • the military guards as Abu Ghraib ◦ were under tremendous stress ◦ had received littl
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