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Lecture 1

PSY 2213 Lecture 1: Continue of Lector 1 topics covered in class Aug. 24

by OneClass997158 , Fall 2016
3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY-2213
Professor
Andrew Smith
Lecture
1

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Continue of Lector 1 topics
Fundamental Attribution Error: When people try to explain people’s behavior, the
explain it in terms in personality traits and underestimate situational factors
Problems with underestimating the power of situation
leads us to oversimplify complex situations which decrease our understanding of
the true causes
When we focus on the dispositional side of things (reason people did something by
the type of person they are)
we feel like we could never engage in the negative behavior shown by others
this increases our vulnerability in similar situations
ex. saying someone is aggressive when someone could be in a situation in which
caused the aggression rather than overall being an aggressive person
History of Social Psych (social construal)
Experiences of social situations are subjective
“I said X but he heard Y"
what her smile genuine or out of pity?
Construal (subjective reality) not always a focus
Researchers were not concerned with how people interpret things but rather the
objective reality
Behaviorism ruled all
Kurt Lewin
polish- Jewish professor working in Germany in 1930’s
came to USA
First to focus on examining how people perceive the world - not how it was
subjective rather than objective
interested in interpretations of gestures and such
Considered the father of experimental social psychology
Two primary factors influence how we perceive the world (two desires)
need to feel good about ourselves
need to be accurate
these can influence on how people interpret behavior
Need to feel good about ourselves
most people want to feel good about themselves
strong desire to maintain reasonable high self-esteem
desire to see ourselves as good and competent
people distort reality and situation to often make themselves feel better and not
accurately representing the situation
especially common when justifying past behavior
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Description
Continue of Lector 1 topics • Fundamental Attribution Error: When people try to explain people’s behavior, the explain it in terms in personality traits and underestimate situational factors • Problems with underestimating the power of situation ◦ leads us to oversimplify complex situations which decrease our understanding of the true causes • When we focus on the dispositional side of things (reason people did something by the type of person they are) ◦ we feel like we could never engage in the negative behavior shown by others ◦ this increases our vulnerability in similar situations ▪ ex. saying someone is aggressive when someone could be in a situation in which caused the aggression rather than overall being an aggressive person History of Social Psych (social construal) • Experiences of social situations are subjective ◦ “I said X but he heard Y" ◦ what her smile genuine or out of pity? • Construal (subjective reality) not always a focus • Researchers were not concerned with how people interpret things but rather the objective reality • Behaviorism ruled all • Kurt Lewin ◦ polish- Jewish professor working in Germany in 1930’s ▪ came to USA ◦ First to focus on examining how people perceive the world - not how it was ▪ subjective rather than objective ▪ interested in interpretations of gestures and such ◦ Considered the father of experimental social psychology • Two primary factors influence how we perceive the world (two desires) ◦ need to feel good about ourselves ◦ need to be accurate ▪ these can influence on how people interpret behavior Need to feel good about ourselves ◦ most people want to feel good about themselves ◦ strong desire to maintain reasonable high self-esteem ▪ desire to see ourselves as good and competent ▪ people distort reality and situation to often make themselves feel better and not accurately represen
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