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Lecture 10

PSY 2213 Lecture 10: Psych Oct. 24 & 26

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Andrew Smith

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find more resources at • explanation for obedience ◦ situational obligation ▪ social norms to obey authority • loss of responsibility for participant • escalating commitment ◦ obedience started small ◦ related to the foot-in-the-door technique for persuasion • replicated the milligram study ◦ 70% of the participants went up to the 150 volts compared to 80% ◦ men =67% women = 72% • obedience was not related to age, ethnicity, and other demographics variables • obedience not related to empathetic concern or desire for control ◦ however, correlation between empathy and needing prods to continue Social Roles • being in a group influences behavior through: ◦ social norms: “rules” a group has for acceptable behaviors, values, and beliefs of its members ▪ obedience to authority, reciprocity ◦ social roles: expectations about how specific group members should behave • people change behavior to match expectations of roles ◦ can be intentional or unintentional (automatic) ▪ examples: ▪ hanging out with friends ▪ hanging out with family ▪ hanging out with boss ▪ people can shift in and out of these roles • Stanford prison study ◦ participants knew (somewhat) what they were volunteering for ▪ experiment about a prison simulation ◦ experiment only ended up lasting a few days ◦ the participants quickly assumed their “assigned” roles: ▪ many of the guards become quite abusive, harassing and humiliating the prisoner find more resources at find more resources at ▪ most prisoners became passive, helpless, and withdrawn • participants fell into roles because: ◦ ambiguity in the situation ▪ there were some rules, but most were improvised ▪ no one had proper training ◦ stress of situation ◦ loss of identity Social Psychology in the Real World • could something like the Stanford Prison Study happen in the real world? ◦ prison abuse at Abu Ghraib ▪ in 2004, American military guards abused prisoners in Abu Ghraib ( a prison in Iraq) ◦ numerous cases of physical beatings, sexual abuse, and psychological humiliation ◦ eventually, pictures surfaced of U.S soldiers smiling in front of abused Iraqi prisoners. • read pages 228 - 230 of the text book • the military guards as Abu Ghraib ◦ were under tremendous stress ◦ had received littl
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