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GCU 114 (17)
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Round 4.doc

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Department
Cultural Geography
Course
GCU 114
Professor
Daniel Hume
Semester
Summer

Description
Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 4: Tossups 1. This structure construction was overseen by Eric Honecker. Walter Ulbricht denied wanting to build this structure, which was a measure against “brain drain.” When Conrad Schumann was photographed jumping over it, this structure did not yet feature the infamous 100 meter “death strip.” One president famously demanded that “Mr. Gorbachev tear down” this structure. For 10 points, name this structure that divided the current capital of Germany into East and West sections during the Cold War. ANSWER: Berlin Wall [accept Berliner Mauer, prompt on “Wall”; prompt on “die Mauer”] 2. This man measured social attitudes to groups like “Medical Research Associates” and “Friends of the Communist Party” in his “lost letter” experiment. This man found that two American strangers are connected, on average, by six degrees of separation in his “small world” experiment. In one experiment, this psychologist measured the willingness of subjects to administer electric shocks when instructed by a researcher. For 10 points, name this psychologist known for his “obedience to authority” experiment. ANSWER: Stanley Milgram 3. This author created a character who is shot in retribution for the death of Dain Waris and who abandoned a ship bound for Mecca, the S. S. Patna. This author of Lord Jim wrote a novel whose narrator travels up the Belgian Congo to meet a character whose last words are “The horror! The horror!” This author created Kurtz and the sailor Marlow. For 10 points, name this Polish-born author of Heart of Darkness. ANSWER: Joseph Conrad [or Jozef Korzeniowski] 4. This church’s orginal design was a center-plan by Donato Bramante. A gilt bronze chair and baldachin here were designed by Bernini, who also designed the tomb of Pope Urban VIII, which is located in this church. Bernini also designed the keyhole-shaped piazza that fronts this church. Michaelangelo was the architect of this church’s dome. For 10 points, name this basilica erected over the tomb of the first pope in Vatican City. ANSWER: St. Peter’s Basilica [or Papal Basilica of Saint Peter] 5. These vehicles feature two SRBs and three SSMEs. One of these vehicles was lost after its O-ring seal malfunctioned, and another was destroyed after its thermal protective system was damaged by a piece of foam insulation. These vehicles sometimes carry Spacelab experiments, and they deliver parts and astronauts to the International Space Station. For 10 points, name these reusable space vehicles, retired in July 2011 after Atlantis flew its last mission. ANSWER: NASA Space Shuttles [accept Space Transportation System] 6. This author wrote a series of books, including World’s End and Between Two Worlds, about Lanny Budd. This man’s novel in which Vernon Roscoe opposes unions and partners with James and Bunny Ross is entitled Oil! In this man’s most famous novel, Ona dies in childbirth after her husband’s salary as a Chicago meatpacker is not enough to afford a doctor. For 10 points, name this author who created Lithuanian immigrant Jurgis Rudkus in The Jungle. ANSWER: Upton Beall Sinclair Jr. 7. In one religion, this holiday is called Bandi Chhor Divas and celebrates the release of Guru Hargobind. Small clay lamps called diyas are lit during this holiday. On the last day of this holiday, sisters invite brothers into their homes, and its other days celebrate the defeat of the demon Naraka and include worship of Lakshmi. This holiday celebrates the defeat of the demon king Ravana and the return of Lord Rama. For 10 points, name this Hindu festival of lights. ANSWER: Diwali [accept Devali or Deepavali] 8. The Purkinje variety of these cells are GABAergic. Glial cells provide support for these cells, which can be afferent or efferent. These cells have nodes of Ranvier along their myelin sheaths, and they are separated from each other by synapses. Sodium-potassium channels control electric signaling in these cells, which have dendrites and a long axon. These cells are found in the spinal cord and brain. For 10 points, name these cells that transmit signals in the nervous system. ANSWER: neurons [prompt on nerve cells before they are mentioned] 9. In March 2011, P. J. Crowley, an aide to this politician, resigned after making comments about Bradley Manning. This Cabinet member pushed for Hosni Mubarak’s resignation despite earlier suggestions that the Egyptian government was “stable.” On June 7, 2008, this woman ended her presidential campaign in order to endorse her opponent, Barack Obama. For 10 points, name this current Secretary of State and wife of a former President. ANSWER: Hillary Rodham Clinton [prompt on Clinton] 10. An predecessor to this nation was founded after one side won the Battle of Boyacá. That now- defunct nation controlled modern-day Panama and was named “Gran [this country].” This nation’s history includes the period known as La Violencia. This nation was the base of operations for narcoterrorist Pablo Escobar and is now plagued by the guerrilla group FARC. This is the most populous Spanish-speaking nation in South America. For 10 points, name this nation whose capital is Bogotá. ANSWER: Colombia 11. Tributaries of this river form a delta in a region whose name means “five waters,” and it is dammed by the Tarbela Dam. Flooding on this river in 2010 displaced millions of people in Punjab. This river is central to the geography of the Rigveda, and the ancient civilization named for its valley included Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Historically, this river served as the western boundary of the Indian subcontinent. For 10 points, name this largest river in Pakistan. ANSWER: Indus River [accept Sindhu Darya] 12. The lower part of this structure, bounded below by the Gutenberg discontinuity, is the D-double- prime layer. This structure’s upper boundary, named for a Croatian seismologist, is called the Moho discontinuity. The upper part of this layer contains the asthenosphere and the bottom of the lithosphere. Hot, viscous material upwelling from this region into the one above it causes hot spots and volcanoes. For 10 points, name this layer of the Earth located above the outer core and below the crust. ANSWER: mantle 13. A daughter of this man had fourteen children who were killed by Apollo and Artemis. This man’s daughter Niobe was turned to stone. Hephaestus made an ivory shoulder for this man’s son after the real one was accidentally eaten by Demeter. This man gave the gods a stew made from his son Pelops. For 10 points, name this man who is punished in Tartarus by having food and water forever out of his reach. ANSWER: Tantalus 14. In one story in this work, Friar Alberto dresses as the Angel Gabriel in order to seduce a woman. The last story from this work tells of patient Griselda, who is put through a number of trials by her husband. The frame narrative of this work concerns a group nobles who flee Florence in the wake of a plague. This work provided a source for many of Chaucer’s stories. For 10 points, name collection of stories by Giovanni Boccaccio. ANSWER: The Decameron: Prencipe Galeotto 15. In this election, John Bell was nominated by the Constitutional Union Party. The winning Vice Presidential candidate of this election was Hannibal Hamlin, while the pro-slavery Southern Democrat, John Breckinridge, placed second in the presidential election. The Nothern Democrat candidate placed fourth in the electoral vote in this electoin, but second in the popular vote and was Stephen A. Douglass. For 10 points, name this U.S. presidential election that elected Abraham Lincoln to his first term. ANSWER: Presidential election of 1860 16. This painter depicted a Biblical king looking at “the writing on the wall.” This man also painted a philosopher resting his hand on the sculpture of a poet. This painter of Belshazzar’s Feast and Aristotle Contemplating a Bust of Homer depicted seven men observing a dissection. In one painting by this man, a man holding a gold and blue flag forms part of Frans Banning Cocq’s militia company. For 10 points, name this Dutch painter of The Anatomy Lesson and Night Watch. ANSWER: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn 17. In logic, this term is used to describe the antecedent of a proposition, such as the “P” in “if P, then Q.” In statistics, the statement that there is no relationship between two variables is the “null” type of this statement. If an experiment disproves one of these statements, a new one may be formulated and tested. For 10 points, name this component of the scientific method which is a predicted or proposed explanation for an observed phenomenon. ANSWER: hypothesis 18. One character in this opera joins a gang of smugglers led by Lillas Pastia after singing a “Flower Song;” that character had earlier pledged to marry Micaëla. This opera’s title character proclaims that “love is a rebellious bird” in the song “Habanera.” This opera’s “Toreador’s Song” is sung by the bullfighter Escamillo, who is shot by Don José. For 10 points, name this opera by Georges Bizet about a gypsy girl. ANSWER: Carmen 19. This ruler was defeated in the Livonian War and called the the first Zemsky Sobor. This leader established a personal police force known as the Oprichniki. During his time in power, this man conquered the regions of Astrakhan and Siberia. This man is best known for policies that led to the collapse of the Rurikid Dynasty. For 10 points, name this first Russian tsar, who is known for his cruelty. ANSWER: Ivan the Terrible [or Ivan IV Vasilyevich; or Ivan Grozny; prompt on “Ivan”] 20. Comic characters in this play include Sir Andrew Aguecheek as well as Sir Toby Belch. In one scene in this play, cross-gartered yellow stockings are worn by Malvolio. One character in this play pretends to be the messenger “Cesario” and delivers messages to the Lady Olivia. That messenger in this play is in love with Duke Orsino but pretends to be male. For 10 points, name this Shakespeare play about the twins Viola and Sebastian. ANSWER: Twelfth Night: Or, What You Will TIEBREAKER 21. This letter represents a function that gives the number of positive integers less than or equal to and coprime to a given integer. That function represented by this letter is Euler’s totient function. A point is specified in spherical coordinates by r, theta, and this letter. This Greek letter also denotes the limit of the ratios of successive numbers in the Fibonacci series. The constant denoted by this letter equals 1 plus the square root of 5, all over 2. For 10 points, name this Greek letter that denotes the golden ratio. ANSWER: phi Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 4: Bonuses 1. Name some key members of the Obama Administration, for 10 points each. [10] This man, a former Delaware Senator, is the current Vice President. ANSWER: Joseph Biden [10] This former President of the Federal Reserve of New York is now the Secretary of the Treasury. ANSWER: Timothy Geithner [10] This man is Obama’s Attorney General, the first African-American to hold that position. ANSWER: Eric Holder 2. Part of this nation’s land was sold to the United States in the Gadsden Purchase. For 10 points each: [10] Identify this nation, whose war war of independence began when Miguel Hidalgo issued the “Grito de Dolores.” Napoleon III tried to make Maximillian I this country’s emperor. ANSWER: Mexico [or United Mexican States; or Unidos Mexicanos] [10] During the French Intervention in Mexico, Mexican forces won the Battle of the Pueblo on this day, which has become a holiday in celebration of Mexican culture. ANSWER: Cinco de Mayo [prompt on “The Fifth of May”] [10] This first indigenous president of Mexico was a major leader against the French Intervention in Mexico. With Colonel Villarreal, he helped draft the Plan of Ayulta. ANSWER: Benito Juarez 3. Andy Warhol produced Sleep in this medium, which Hitchcock used to produce Vertigo. For 10 points each: [10] Name this artistic medium used to create movies before the days of digital recording. ANSWER: film [10] This movie, based on the life of William Randolph Hearst, is often considered the greatest movie ever made. At its end, “Rosebud” is revealed to be a sled belonging to the central character. ANSWER: Citizen Kane [10] This man directed and starred in Citizen Kane. He supposedly created mass panic with his direction of the
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