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Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 6: Tossups 1. The Schwarzschild metric describes this concept for a non-rotating body. Its hypothetical mediating boson has a spin of 2. This phenomenon’s namesake universal constant was measured by Cavendish using a torsion balance. The weakest of the four fundamental forces, it causes an acceleration of 9.8 meters per second squared at the Earth’s surface. For 10 points, name this attractive force experienced by objects with mass. ANSWER: gravity [accept gravitational force] 2. One of this composer’s works for brass and percussion was commissioned to foster patriotic spirit during World War II, and this man incorporated the folk song “Bonyparte” into the “Hoe Down” movement of his ballet Rodeo. Another ballet by this composer of Fanfare for the Common Man tells the story of a young couple in Pennsylvania and features the Shaker hymn “Simple Gifts.” For 10 points, name this American composer of Appalachian Spring. ANSWER: Aaron Copland 3. In one work by this writer, Dr. Stockmann tries to convince his town that their baths are contaminated. This author of An Enemy of the People wrote a play in which the title character burns Lovborg’s manuscript and later kills herself. This author also created Nora Helmer, who leaves her husband Torvald at the end of one of this author’s plays. For 10 points, name this Norwegian playwright, the author of A Doll’s House and Hedda Gabler. ANSWER: Henrik Johan Ibsen 4. Clovis I was convinced by his wife Clotilde to complete this action at Rheims. Saints Cyril and Methodius helped many Slavs perform this action. One person supposedly performed this action after seeing the sign “in hoc signo vinces” before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. In addition to being performed by Constantine the Great, this action was facilitated by missionaries such as Juníperro Serra. For 10 points, identify this action that involves changing one’s religion to accept the teachings of Jesus. ANSWER: converting to Christianity [accept converting to Catholicism] 5. This company was formed in the 1980s when Apple co-founder Steve Jobs bought out the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm. Their first film was named “Luxo, Jr.” and contains the hopping desk lamp that later became part of their logo. Bought by Disney in 2006, some of their earlier films include A Bug’s Life and Monsters, Inc., and this company recently released a sequel to the 2006 movie Cars. For 10 points, name this computer animation film studio known for Finding Nemo, UP, and Toy Story. ANSWER: Pixar Animation Studios [do not accept or prompt on “Disney” at any point] 6. These structures are viewed in karyotypes and have telomeres at their ends. The failure of these structures to separate properly is known as nondisjunction. Nucleosomes coil up during prophase to form these structures, which are pulled apart in anaphase. Humans have 46 of them, including X and Y, which determine a person’s sex. For 10 points, name these coiled-up strands of DNA. ANSWER: chromosomes 7. This settlement was threatened during its “Starving Time,” during which one of its leaders declared that no man would get food until they worked. This settlement was was burned down in Bacon’s Rebellion and was targeted by a “confederacy” led by Powhatan. One of this settlement’s leaders married Pocahontas and brought tobacco as an export crop. For 10 points, name this first permanent English settlement in Virginia that was led by John Rolfe and John Smith. ANSWER: Jamestown [prompt on Virginia colony before “Pocahontas”] 8. This man’s head was floated down the Hebrus River after he was torn apart by several Maenads for only worshipping Apollo. As an Argonaut, this man was able to drown out the sirens’ songs using his lyre, and this man used his musical talent to persuade Hades to allow him to bring his wife back, but on one condition. For 10 points, name this musically gifted man from Greek myth who lost his wife Eurydice when he looked back to see her before they left the underworld. ANSWER: Orpheus 9. One character in this play is described as a fellow “of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy.” The protagonist of this play alters a letter to order the death of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Later events in this play include the drowning of Ophelia, and at this play’s end Gertrude drinks poisoned wine that Claudius intended for the title character, his nephew. For ten points, name this Shakespearean drama in which Laertes slays the titular prince of Denmark. ANSWER: Hamlet [accept The Tragical History of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark] 10. Jan van Eyck’s Man in a Red Turban may be one example of this kind of artwork, and Velázquez’s Las Meninas includes one of these in the form of a man with a red cross on his chest. Leonardo used red chalk to create one of these artworks depicting a man with a long beard. Rembrandt’s numerous paintings of this type often feature floppy hats, and van Gogh made one showing a man with a bandaged ear. For 10 points, name this type of artwork in which the artist paints himself. ANSWER: self-portrait 11. One man with this surname served as Secretary of Commerce under Warren Harding. A president with this surname created the Reconstruction Finance Corporation; that president with this surname defeated Al Smith in a presidential election. Another man with this surname served as the first director of the FBI. The only president with this surname served during the beginning of the Great Depression. For 10 points, name this surname that lends its name to a large dam along the Colorado River. ANSWER: Hoover [accept Herbert Hoover before “first director” as all prior clues apply to him] 12. This practice is undertaken by Jews immediately prior to Purim. This practice is forbidden to all Muslims on Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, and is mandated by the Islamic pillar Sawm. Tisha B’Av and Yom Kippur are major days for this practice in Judaism. Although young children and pregnant women are exempt, all other Muslims do this in the daytime during Ramadan. For 10 points, name this religious activity that consists of abstaining from the consumption of food. ANSWER: fasting [prompt on “not eating” or other descriptions] 13. In one of this author’s novels, the protagonist meets the Eloi and the Morlocks, two species with a relationship similar to livestock and ranchers. Another of this author’s novels concerns cylindrical objects full of bear-sized octopus-like creatures which land in England; that novel by this author is about a Martian invasion of Earth. For 10 points, identify this science fiction author and writer of The Time Machine and War of the Worlds. ANSWER: H. G. Wells 14. Repeatedly performing this mathematical operation is known as “tetration.” De Moivre’s formula is used to perform this operation on complex numbers in polar form. This operation can be converted to multiplication by taking a logarithm. This operation is equivalent to multiplying the base quantity by itself a certain number of times. For 10 points, name this arithmetic operation performed when you square or cube a number. ANSWER: exponentiation [accept taking/raising something to a power; accept similarly-worded equivalents] 15. In this state, two creeks flow out of opposite ends of the Unaweep Canyon, while Mesa Verde National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is found in this state. Longs Peak, Blanca Peak and Mt. Elbert are mountains in this state, and rivers that flow through this state include the South Platte and the Arkansas. This state is home to Pike’s Peak and contains cities such as Grand Junction, Aspen, and Boulder. For 10 points, name this state with capital at Denver. ANSWER: Colorado 16. This writer penned the line “Each man kills the thing he loves” in his poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol [pronounced “Redding Jail”]. In one of this writer’s plays, Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff assume the same false name. The title character of this author’s only novel never ages, while his portrait painted by Basil Hallward does. For ten points, name this Irish author of The Picture of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest. ANSWER: Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde 17. In one painting, this man depicted a monstrance atop an altar surrounded by theologians arguing over transubstantiation. That work, La Disputa, lies across the Stanza della Segnatura from a painting by this man that depicts Diogenes lounging on some steps below two figures pointing in opposite directions. This man’s most famous painting depicts Leonardo da Vinci as Plato arguing with Aristotle. For 10 points, name this Italian Renaissance painter of The School of Athens. ANSWER: Raphaello Sanzio da Urbino 18. This man led the July 26th movement, which was named for the day of his failed attack on the Moncada Barracks. After those attacks, this man claimed that “History will absolve me.” This politician came to power after ousting Fulgencio Batista in a military coup, while his current health problems have forced his brother Raúl to assume power. For 10 points, name this Socialist leader of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. ANSWER: Fidel Castro [accept Castro after “Raul”; prompt before] 19. An economy without this concept is called a “natural economy,” and the equation of exchange includes the velocity of this entity multiplied by its quantity. Gresham’s law states that bad forms of this entity drive out good forms, but doesn’t apply to its fiat variety. The manipulation of this entity’s supply is a form of economic policy contrasted with fiscal policy. For 10 points, name this “unit of account, medium of exchange, and store of value,” examples of which include yen and dollars. ANSWER: money [prompt on currency] 20. These constructs exhibit radial and planar nodes, and each is described by three quantum numbers. According to the Aufbau principle and the Pauli Exclusion Principle, the lowest-energy of these constructs are filled first, and each one can only contain two electrons. These constructs can be hybridized, and they come in s, p, d, and f varieties. For 10 points, identify these regions in an atom where electrons are likely to be found. ANSWER: atomic orbitals [do not accept “molecular orbitals”; prompt on electron shell or subshell] TIEBREAKER 21. The first major one of these events in America was in Cabarrus County, North Carolina in 1799. One of these events was centered at Dawson City, and another of these started with a discovery in the American River at Sutter’s Mill. The Klondike one of these events occurred in the Yukon, and the mid- nineteenth century population boom in San Francisco was the result of one of these. For 10 points, name these events, one of which was in California and participated in by the “forty-niners.” ANSWER: Gold Rushes Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 6: Bonuses 1. Writers from this South American country include Gabriela Mistral, who wrote “Desolation.” For 10 points each: [10] Identify this nation in the Andes. Other authors from this country include the writer of The House of the Spirits, Isabel Allende. ANSWER: Republic of Chile [accept Republica de Chile] [10] This Chilean poet included “The Heights of Machu Picchu” in his Canto General. He also wrote a collection titled Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. ANSWER: Pablo Neruda [accept Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto] [10] Pablo Neruda wrote a set of Elemental types of these poems, including one “to salt” and one “to a fresh tuna on the market.” Schiller wrote one of these poems “to Joy.” ANSWER: odes 2. In 1792, the federal government sold a triangle of land on this body of water to give Pennsylvania a freshwater port. For 10 points each: [10] This second-smallest by area of the Great Lakes is the namesake of a New York canal that runs from Buffalo to Albany. ANSWER: Lake Erie [10] This is the name given to two massive waterfalls along the US-Canada border. The river of the same name which passes over these falls drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario. ANSWER: Niagara Falls [10] This river drains into Lake Erie and gives its name to the Ohio county in which Cleveland is located. It is most famous for a 1969 fire which helped begin the modern environmental movement. ANSWER: Cuyahoga River [kai-uh-HO-guh] 3. This figure claimed a throne that was also contested by Harold Godwinson and Harald Hardrada. For 10 points each: [10] Name this man who began the Norman conquest of England. ANSWER: William the Conqueror [accept William I of England or William the Bastard or William II, Duke of Normandy or Guillaume le Conquerant or Guillaume le Batard or Guilla
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