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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 9: Tossups 1. This composer was inspired by a trip to Spillville, Iowa, to write the American String Quartet. This man wrote a series of 16 pieces inspired by Brahms’s Hungarian Dances, entitled Slavonic Dances. This man wrote a symphony that inspired the spiritual “Going Home” and quotes “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.” That symphony by this man was inspired by “The Song of Hiawatha” and Native American songs. For 10 points, name this Czech composer of the New World Symphony. ANSWER: Antonin Dvořák [pronounced “DVOR-zhahk”] 2. Meissner’s corpuscles are located within this organ, which is lined by the basement membrane. This organ contains arrector pili muscles and sebaceous glands. It is pigmented by melanin and composed largely of collagen and keratin. Affected by psoriasis, eczema, and acne, it is the largest organ of the body. For 10 points, name this organ composed of the hypodermis, dermis, and epidermis. ANSWER: skin [prompt on epithelium] 3. One of this author’s protagonists has a rival named Shiva of the Knees and has a very long nose. That character is born at the exact moment of India’s partition and is named Saleem Sinai. This author wrote a novel which begins in a hijacked plane and features Gibreel and Saladin, two people that turn into an archangel and devil. For 10 points, name this controversial Indian author of Midnight’s Children and The Satanic Verses. ANSWER: Salman Rushdie 4. This man launched a “Great Plan for the Transformation of Nature” in response to 1946-47 droughts and famines in his country. Earlier, this man killed Mikhail Tukhachevsky and other army leaders during his Great Purges. He supported “socialism in one country,” an idea antithetical to the ideas of Trotsky, who was exiled by this man. This man, along with Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Churchill, attended the Yalta Conference. For 10 points, name this Georgian who led the USSR during World War II. ANSWER: Joseph Stalin [accept Iosif Dzhugashvili or Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili or any combination of those names] 5. This thinker wrote a trilogy dealing with human knowledge that included De Cive and De Corpore. In his most famous work, this writer asserted that the sovereign has twelve principal rights and must be strong in order to avert a state of anarchy he called a “war of all against all.” This political philosopher famously referred to human life in a state of nature as “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” For 10 points, name this English author of Leviathan. ANSWER: Thomas Hobbes 6. The Ising model describes one form of this phenomenon, and another form exists only up to the Néel point. Another form of this phenomenon occurs in the Meissner effect and can result in levitation. Its strongest form exists below the Curie temperature and is exhibited by nickel and iron, as well as rare- earth alloys containing neodymium. For 10 points, name this phenomenon with para-, dia-, and ferro- forms, which allows certain materials to stick to a refrigerator door. ANSWER: magnetism [accept ferromagnetism before “another form;” prompt on ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism, diamagnetism, etc. throughout] 7. In one appearance, this character seeks Impa to ask about a mark found on his hand, while in another, he must utilize the Pegasus Boots and Hookshot. In another game, the fairy Navi awakens this character from a nightmare where he witnesses the antagonist of the same game riding on horseback; that game is Ocarina of Time. For 10 points, name this character that battles Ganondorf and bears the Triforce, often saving Hyrule in The Legend of Zelda series. Answer: Link [accept Rinku] 8. This poet coined the phrase “tears, idle tears” and later penned the line “Tis better to have loved and lost / than never to have loved at all” in a poem on the death of his closest friend, “In Memoriam A. H. H.” He also wrote a poem in which “into the valley of death / rode the six hundred” about the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War. For 10 points, identify this British Poet Laureate and author of “The Charge of the Light Brigade.” ANSWER: Alfred, Lord Tennyson 9. During this man’s reign, John Wilkes published The North Briton. This leader forbade expansion in the Americas past the Appalachians in the Royal Proclamation of 1763. Two men named William Pitt served as Prime Minister under this monarch, and during his reign, France was defeated in the Seven Years’ War. This man oversaw the institution of the Coercive Acts following the Boston Tea Party. For 10 points, name this “mad” British monarch who “lost” the Americas during the Revolutionary War. ANSWER: King George III 10. This man was arrested after Potiphar’s wife failed to seduce him and, while in jail, he foretold the death of a baker. In one incident, he hid a silver cup in another man’s sack, leading Judah to take the blame for theft in order to protect Benjamin. This man was promoted to Vizier after he interpreted Pharaoh’s dream about skinny and fat cows, and in that office he met his brothers, who had previously sold him into slavery. For 10 points, name this eleventh son of Jacob, who owned a very colorful coat. ANSWER: Joseph [accept Yosef; prompt on Zaphnath-Paaneah] 11. This type of reaction removes silicon, manganese, and carbon impurities in the Bessemer process. Primary and secondary alcohols readily undergo this process to form aldehydes and ketones, but tertiary alcohols do not. In a half-reaction of this type, the electrons are on the right side of the equation. Its namesake state is the hypothetical charge on an atom if all bonds were ionic. For 10 points, name this process defined as a loss of electrons, the opposite of reduction. ANSWER: oxidation [prompt on redox, oxidation-reduction, and reduction-oxidation before reduction is mentioned] 12. This deity had a child with Aphrodite that was half male and he slew the hundred eyed giant Argus in order to rescue Io. This god saved one man from the sorceress Circe by giving him the moly herb to counter her spells and later convinced Calypso to release that man, Odysseus. This father of Pan lent Perseus his caduceus and his winged sandals. For 10 points, name this son of Maia and Zeus, the Greek messenger god. ANSWER: Hermes 13. In one of this author’s novels, Jean Passepartout is hired as a valet. Another novel by this author begins with Ned Landers and Pierre Aronnax seeking out a mysterious sea creature. This author’s characters include Nemo, captain of the submarine Nautilus, and Phileas Fogg, who bets a fortune on his circumnavigating the globe. For 10 points, name this French author of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and Around the World in Eighty Days. ANSWER: Jules Gabriel Verne 14. This party's presidential candidates included Rufus King and Charles Pinckney. Members of this party proposed secession at the Hartford Convention. Daniel Webster started his career with this party, and they vehemently opposed the War of 1812. This was the main party of support for the First Bank of the United States, and it was formed by Alexander Hamilton. For 10 points name this early American political party, the rival of Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans. ANSWER: Federalist Party 15. These objects can only be described by their charge, angular momentum, and mass, according to the No Hair Theorem. They can lose mass and evaporate due to Hawking radiation. The centers of most galaxies are believed to contain a supermassive one of these astronomical objects. Predicted by general relativity, these objects feature an event horizon. For 10 points, name these astronomical objects so massive that not even light can escape from them. ANSWER: black holes 16. In Islam, this concept is divided into eight stages, which include the Eternal Garden and the Abode of Peace, and is called Jannah. Mormonism gives the name ‘sons of perdition’ to those who will not enter this location and divides it into three degrees of glory. In the Old Testament, Jacob had a vision of a ladder leading to this place, and a chariot and horses of fire appear before Elijah ascends to it in a whirlwind. For 10 points, name this holy place home to angels, where good people go when they die. ANSWER: Heaven [accept Paradise or other equivalents, accept Jannah before mentioned] 17. This poet wrote one work in which the speaker is “inebriate with air” and “tastes a liquor never brewed.” In another poem by this author, an action is described as “how public, like a Frog.” This poet also wrote about a carriage that “held but just ourselves/And immortality,” and a poem in which she states “how dreary to be Somebody!” For 10 points, name this female American poet who wrote “I’m Nobody! Who are you?” and “Because I could not stop for death.” ANSWER: Emily (Elizabeth) Dickinson 18. This artist painted Old Battersea Bridge in Nocturne in Blue and Gold. This artist sued John Ruskin over libelous comments that made about a painting depicting a fireworks show, entitled Nocturne in Black and Gold – The Falling Rocket. One painting by this artist depicts a seated woman in a black dress and white bonnet looking towards a blue-black curtain on the left. For 10 points, name this artist whose Arrangement in Grey and Black is a portrait of his mother. ANSWER: James Abbott McNeill Whistler 19. One leader of this nation was assassinated by bodyguards after ordering Operation Blue Star against militants in Amritsar’s Golden Temple. This nation fought the Kargil War with a northwestern neighbor which had been partitioned from it by the British in 1947. This country’s Congress Party produced leaders include Jawaharlal Nehru. The rival of Pakistan, for 10 points, name this largest democracy in the world, a country whose independence movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi. ANSWER: The Republic of India 20. The Kagera River is a major source of one branch of this river, and another branch of this river begins at Lake Tana. Part of its course features six distinct groups of cataracts, two of which are now submerged. Cities on its banks include Edfu, Asyut and Luxor, and the Aswan High Dam is on this river. Khartoum is where this river’s White and Blue branches meet, and it flows past Cairo on its way to the Mediterranean. For 10 points, name this longest river in the world. ANSWER: Nile River [accept White Nile River before Lake Tana is read] TIEBREAKER 21. Denser column media and higher pressures are used in the high-performance liquid type of this procedure. It is often performed with a packed column or a thin layer of silica gel. In this technique, components are separated based on the speed with which they move through the stationary phase. A coffee filter can be used to separate the pigments in candy or ink in the paper type of this procedure. For 10 points, name this lab technique used to separate mixtures. ANSWER: chromatography Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 9: Bonuses 1. Mr. Collins marries Charlotte Lucas in this novel after his proposals are rejected by the protagonist. For 10 points each: [10] Name this novel in which Lydia marries George Wickham and Elizabeth Bennett eventually changes her opinion of Fitzwilliam Darcy. ANSWER: Pride and Prejudice [10] Pride and Prejudice was written by this female British author of Mansfield Park and Sense and Sensibility. ANSWER: Jane Austen [10] The title character of this other Austen work imagines herself a matchmaker and attempts to set up Harriet and Mr. Elton, without success. This character eventually marries George Knightley. ANSWER: Emma 2. A man wielding a sabre and a man holding a musket can be seen at the left of this painting. For 10 points each: [10] Name this painting in which a boy waving two pistols crosses a barricade with a bare-chested woman holding the French tricolor. ANSWER: Liberty Leading the People [or La Liberté guidant le peuple] [10] This French artist of Liberty Leading the People depicted an Ottoman military attack in The Massacre at Chios. ANSWER: Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix [10] Delacroix’s travels to the northern part of this continent inspired his paintings The Women of Algiers and The Sultan of Morocco. ANSWER: Africa 3. The US launched an amphibious invasion of Inchon during this war. For 10 points each: [10] Name this conflict in which U.S.-led UN forces intervened in a namesake Asian peninsula. Armistice negotiations took place at Panmunjom during this conflict. ANSWER: Korean War [accept Korean Conflict; or any obvious equivalent including Korea or Korean] [10] This U.S president promised to
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