GSAC XX Round 2
1. In this painting, a man with a red cloak over his head grabs the figure on top of his thigh,
while a dismal-looking man behind him clutches his hair in despair. A hatchet can be found in
the foreground of this work, and the bottom right border of this painting depicts a man whose leg
is wrapped around a beam of wood. The arrangement of the figures in this painting roughly form
the shape of a pyramid, and a shirtless man on a barrel can be seen waving his shirts at a nearby
ship. For 10 points, name this work depicting the survivors of a shipwreck, a work of Theodore
ANSWER: The Raft of the Medusa [accept Le Radeau de la Meduse]
2. In one of this man’s poems, the narrator asks, “When did you look at your skin and decide you
were an impotent dirty old locomotive?” His collection The Fall of America featured a poem
which states that “I am an old man now, and a lonesome man in Kansas.” This poet of “Wichita
Vortex Sutra” also wrote “Strange now to think of you, gone without corsets and eyes” in an
elegy for his mother Naomi titled “Kaddish,” and he wrote “Who killed the pork chop?” in “A
Supermarket in California.” For 10 points, name this poet who wrote that “I saw the best mind of
my generations destroyed by madness” in “Howl.”
ANSWER: Allen Ginsberg
3. This process can occur in angiosperms through polyploidy during hybridization, and one
consequence of it is cladogenesis. Eldredge and Gould theorized that it occurs in periodic bursts
following periods of stasis. Changes in niches can cause the sympatric form of this process,
which also exists in a peripatric type and was theorized to occur via “punctuated equilibrium.”
The founder effect and geographic isolation caused the Galapagos finches to undergo the
allopatric type of this process. For 10 points, name this process which occurs when two
populations of organisms become unable to interbreed, creating new forms of a certain taxon.
4. This man’s theories were summarized by John Hicks in the ISLM model. He studied the
impact of a quantity calculated as C plus I plus G plus net exports on economies and plotted
equilibrium GDP on his namesake “cross.” This proponent of the bancor as an international
currency developed a consumption function and criticized the Treaty of Versailles in The
Economic Consequences of the Peace. In his most famous work, he theorized that weak
aggregate demand had caused the Great Depression. For 10 points, name this British economist
who argued for stimulus spending in The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
ANSWER: John Maynard Keynes
5. Ignatius Donnely wrote the preamble to the platform for this party, and its first presidential
candidate, who won only four states, was James Baird Weaver. This movement adopted the
Ocala Demands, and it called for government ownership of transportation and communications,
abolition of national banks, and a graduated income tax in its Omaha Platform. It promoted the
free coinage of silver, and in the Election of 1896, it supported a candidate known for delivering
the “Cross of Gold” speech. For 10 points, name this American political movement that
supported William Jennings Bryan and represented laborers and farmers.
ANSWER: Populist Movement [accept Populists or Populism or People’s Party] GSAC XX Round 2
6. This figure defeated a boar rider with two shields by shooting him with arrows during a joust
on a bridge. Another story tells of this figure being frozen in time for seven years because he was
too young to be a hero. In one legend, this figure used the Dominion Rod to heal the memory of
Ilia, while in another he battled the Helmaroc King to free his abducted sister. This figure allied
with Tetra and Midna on separate occasions to defeat the Gerudo King of Evil, Ganondorf. The
owner of the Master Sword, For 10 points, name this protagonist of the Legend of Zelda series.
7. One area of this region contains ferropericlase and silicate perovskite, which form that area’s
main mineral phases. The R.S.S. James Cook and the Japanese probe Chikyu Hakken are trying
to retrieve samples from this region, and the low-velocity zone of this region is bounded by the
Lehmann discontinuity, which refers to an abrupt change of P- and S-wave velocities. The upper
part of this region contains the asthenosphere, and it is bounded by the Gutenberg and Moho
discontinuities. For 10 points, name this layer that makes up about 84% of the earth’s volume, a
region above the core and below the crust.
8. This country converted to Catholicism during the reign of Susenyos. One Communist regime
in this country was led by Mengistu and was known as the Derg, and one of its dynasties claimed
descent from the Biblical king Solomon. The Walwal incident was used as a pretext by one
European nation to occupy this country once ruled by Tewodros II. One of the world’s first
Christian states, the kingdom of Axum, was located in this polity, and this country defeated Italy
at the Battle of Adowa. For 10 points, name this country that was ruled by Menelik II and Haile
Selassie, with capital at Addis Ababa.
9. This man wrote that “The world’s more full of weeping than you can understand” in “The
Stolen Child,” while one of his narrators states that “I will arise and go now” before building a
small “cabin of clay and wattles.” He wrote that “A terrible beauty is born” while describing an
uprising in his country, and this poet of “The Lake-Isle of Innisfree” stated that the title location
is “no country for old men.” He stated that “things fall apart; the centre cannot hold” before
asking “what rough beast…slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?” in his most famous poem.
For 10 points, name this Irish poet of “Sailing to Byzantium” and “The Second Coming.”
ANSWER: William Butler Yeats
10. For each participant in this practice, an animal is slaughtered and shipped to the poor.
Another part of this action is known for having large crowds trying to cross the Jamarat Bridge,
and this rite also involves drinking from the Zamzam Well and wearing white garments, or
ihram, to symbolize purity. Participants in this action throw seven pebbles each at three walls,
which is known as the Stoning of the Devil, and it involves participants pointing at or touching
the Black Stone while circling the Kaaba seven times. For 10 points, name this pillar of Islam
which requires Muslims to go on a pilgrimage to Mecca.
ANSWER: Hajj [prompt on Pilgrimage or Going to Mecca or similar answers before end] GSAC XX Round 2
11. This sculptor used three cylinder pieces to represent the torso of a male, and he created an
oval-shaped head lying on its side with its eyes closed. This man displayed twelve stones around
a circular slab of stone, and this sculptor of Sleeping Muse and Table of Silence created a
sculpture made up of seventeen rhombus-shaped pieces stretched vertically called The Endless
Column. His most famous work is a series of propeller-like sculptures representing the flight of
the title animal. For 10 points, name this Romanian sculptor of Bird in Space.
ANSWER: Constantin Brancusi
12. Solids with a high value for this quantity possess a large bandgap between the valence and
conduction bands. One modification of this quantity is calculated using the reactance, which is
used for AC circuits and is known as impedance. For a wire, it is proportional to length over
cross-sectional area, and power dissipated can be calculated as current squared times this
quantity. The inverse of it is known as conductance, and one law gives voltage as the product of
current and this quantity. For 10 points, name this quantity measured in ohms.
ANSWER: Resistance [do not accept “Resistivity”]
13. This figure joined the Thiasus after losing a drinking contest with Dionysus, and he removed
the boulder crushing Ascalaphus. He defeated Achelous in order to win the hand of Deianeria,
and he shot an arrow at Helios to receive the golden cup. This husband of Hebe fended off
Thanatos to prevent the death of Alcestis and freed Prometheus after killing an eagle. He aided
the Olympian gods during Gigantomachy and also cleaned the Augean stables. For 10 points,
name this hero who killed the Nemean lion as one of his twelve labors.
ANSWER: Heracles [accept Hercules]
14. One character in this work attempts to seduce another by placing his hand on her knee.
Although Dorine hates that employer of the servant Laurent, he remains trusted by Madame
Pernelle. Argus gives one character a casket filled with state secrets, and that character breaks off
Valère’s engagement to Mariane and disowns his son Damis. The protagonist hides underneath a
cloth-covered table to discover the title character attempting to seduce Elmire, and at this play’s
conclusion, the King prevents the seizure of Organ’s estate. For 10 points, name this play about a
falsely pious hypocrite, a work of Moliere.
ANSWER: Tartuffe, or The Imposter [accept Tartuffe, or The Hypocrite or Tartuffe, Ou,
15. This man issued the Truce of God after defeating Guy of Burgundy, and he allied with King
Henry I to win the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes. He rescued an English Earl from Guy of Ponthieu,
which led to a battle following the defeat of Harald Hardrada. This husband of Matilda of
Flanders succeeded Edgar Aetheling, and he suppressed the Revolt of the Earls with his half-
brother Odo. This man depicted his most famous victory in the Bayeux Tapestry and called for
the creation of the Domesday Book. For 10 points, name this victor over Harold Godwinson at
the Battle of Hastings.
ANSWER: William the Conqueror [accept William I or William the Bastard or William II
Duke of Normandy; prompt on William] GSAC XX Round 2
16. This composer wrote an opera containing the “Song of the Indian Guest,” which features the
title character returning to his wife Lubava after becoming a wealthy man. This composer of
Sadko also wrote a work in which the title figure melts after obtaining the ability to love called
The Snow Maiden. This composer of The Golden Cockerel included the movement “The Sea and
Sinbad’s Ship” in one work, while his most famous work is an interlude as part of his Tale of
Tsar Saltan. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Scheherazade and “Flight of the
ANSWER: Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
17. The narrator of one section of this work mentions “The Bird of Time,” which has “but a little
way / To flutter.” Another section describes the “Moving finger” that “writes; and having writ,
moves on.” It also addresses the person “beside me singing in the Wilderness,” and this work
was written using an AABA rhyming scheme. Edward FitzGerald translated this work into
English, and it contains the phrase, “A jug of wine, a loaf of bread and thou.” For 10 points,
name this collection of poems by Omar Khayyam.
ANSWER: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam [accept Ruba’i]
18. This man stated in one work that God exists with the second highest degree of certainty.
After this man was appointed Censor of Moral Philosophy at Christ Church, he drafted a series
of lectures known as Essays on the Laws of Nature. This man argued against atheism but
believed in the separation of church and state, and he also drafted the Fundamental Constitutions
of Carolina. This author of A Letter Concerning Toleration described the mind at birth as a blank
slate, or “tabula rasa,” in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. For 10 points, name this
English philosopher who claimed that men have the right to “life, liberty, and property.”
ANSWER: John Locke
19. This man fought against the Illyrian tribes in the Siege of Pelium, and he executed Parmenion
and his son Philotas. He was saved by Cleitus the Black at the Battle of Granicus, and this man
won a battle in which he recovered his opponent’s personal chariot and bow. He razed Thebes
following a military resistance and killed the guards that desecrated the tomb of Cyrus the Great.
After his death, his empire was torn apart by his generals in the Wars of the Diadochi. The
winner of the Battle of Issus against Darius III, he was famously educated by Aristotle. For 10
points, name this son of Philip II of Macedon.
ANSWER: Alexander the Great [accept Alexander III of Macedon; prompt on Alexander]
20. One statement describing this process utilizes a constant with dimensions of length squared
over time, and that law sets the time derivative of concentration proportional to the second
derivative of concentration with respect to position. A third law describing it states that the rate
at which this process occurs is inversely proportional to the square root of the molar mass, and an
example of this process governed by Fick’s and Graham’s laws is the movement of water across
a semipermeable membrane. Osmosis is a type of, For 10 points, what process in which particles
move from regions of high concentration to those of low concentration?
ANSWER: Diffusion [accept Effusion; prompt on Osmosis before mention] GSAC XX Round 2
TB. This man examined the differences between the mental maps of Parisians and those of New
Yorkers. He studied reactions to items labeled for the “Friends of the Nazi Party,” and he
measured “path lengths” between Sharon, Wichita, and Omaha by looking at the deliver