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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 2 Toss-ups 1. In this painting, a man with a red cloak over his head grabs the figure on top of his thigh, while a dismal-looking man behind him clutches his hair in despair. A hatchet can be found in the foreground of this work, and the bottom right border of this painting depicts a man whose leg is wrapped around a beam of wood. The arrangement of the figures in this painting roughly form the shape of a pyramid, and a shirtless man on a barrel can be seen waving his shirts at a nearby ship. For 10 points, name this work depicting the survivors of a shipwreck, a work of Theodore Gericault. ANSWER: The Raft of the Medusa [accept Le Radeau de la Meduse] 2. In one of this man’s poems, the narrator asks, “When did you look at your skin and decide you were an impotent dirty old locomotive?” His collection The Fall of America featured a poem which states that “I am an old man now, and a lonesome man in Kansas.” This poet of “Wichita Vortex Sutra” also wrote “Strange now to think of you, gone without corsets and eyes” in an elegy for his mother Naomi titled “Kaddish,” and he wrote “Who killed the pork chop?” in “A Supermarket in California.” For 10 points, name this poet who wrote that “I saw the best mind of my generations destroyed by madness” in “Howl.” ANSWER: Allen Ginsberg 3. This process can occur in angiosperms through polyploidy during hybridization, and one consequence of it is cladogenesis. Eldredge and Gould theorized that it occurs in periodic bursts following periods of stasis. Changes in niches can cause the sympatric form of this process, which also exists in a peripatric type and was theorized to occur via “punctuated equilibrium.” The founder effect and geographic isolation caused the Galapagos finches to undergo the allopatric type of this process. For 10 points, name this process which occurs when two populations of organisms become unable to interbreed, creating new forms of a certain taxon. ANSWER: Speciation 4. This man’s theories were summarized by John Hicks in the ISLM model. He studied the impact of a quantity calculated as C plus I plus G plus net exports on economies and plotted equilibrium GDP on his namesake “cross.” This proponent of the bancor as an international currency developed a consumption function and criticized the Treaty of Versailles in The Economic Consequences of the Peace. In his most famous work, he theorized that weak aggregate demand had caused the Great Depression. For 10 points, name this British economist who argued for stimulus spending in The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. ANSWER: John Maynard Keynes 5. Ignatius Donnely wrote the preamble to the platform for this party, and its first presidential candidate, who won only four states, was James Baird Weaver. This movement adopted the Ocala Demands, and it called for government ownership of transportation and communications, abolition of national banks, and a graduated income tax in its Omaha Platform. It promoted the free coinage of silver, and in the Election of 1896, it supported a candidate known for delivering the “Cross of Gold” speech. For 10 points, name this American political movement that supported William Jennings Bryan and represented laborers and farmers. ANSWER: Populist Movement [accept Populists or Populism or People’s Party] GSAC XX Round 2 6. This figure defeated a boar rider with two shields by shooting him with arrows during a joust on a bridge. Another story tells of this figure being frozen in time for seven years because he was too young to be a hero. In one legend, this figure used the Dominion Rod to heal the memory of Ilia, while in another he battled the Helmaroc King to free his abducted sister. This figure allied with Tetra and Midna on separate occasions to defeat the Gerudo King of Evil, Ganondorf. The owner of the Master Sword, For 10 points, name this protagonist of the Legend of Zelda series. ANSWER: Link 7. One area of this region contains ferropericlase and silicate perovskite, which form that area’s main mineral phases. The R.S.S. James Cook and the Japanese probe Chikyu Hakken are trying to retrieve samples from this region, and the low-velocity zone of this region is bounded by the Lehmann discontinuity, which refers to an abrupt change of P- and S-wave velocities. The upper part of this region contains the asthenosphere, and it is bounded by the Gutenberg and Moho discontinuities. For 10 points, name this layer that makes up about 84% of the earth’s volume, a region above the core and below the crust. ANSWER: Mantle 8. This country converted to Catholicism during the reign of Susenyos. One Communist regime in this country was led by Mengistu and was known as the Derg, and one of its dynasties claimed descent from the Biblical king Solomon. The Walwal incident was used as a pretext by one European nation to occupy this country once ruled by Tewodros II. One of the world’s first Christian states, the kingdom of Axum, was located in this polity, and this country defeated Italy at the Battle of Adowa. For 10 points, name this country that was ruled by Menelik II and Haile Selassie, with capital at Addis Ababa. ANSWER: Ethiopia 9. This man wrote that “The world’s more full of weeping than you can understand” in “The Stolen Child,” while one of his narrators states that “I will arise and go now” before building a small “cabin of clay and wattles.” He wrote that “A terrible beauty is born” while describing an uprising in his country, and this poet of “The Lake-Isle of Innisfree” stated that the title location is “no country for old men.” He stated that “things fall apart; the centre cannot hold” before asking “what rough beast…slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?” in his most famous poem. For 10 points, name this Irish poet of “Sailing to Byzantium” and “The Second Coming.” ANSWER: William Butler Yeats 10. For each participant in this practice, an animal is slaughtered and shipped to the poor. Another part of this action is known for having large crowds trying to cross the Jamarat Bridge, and this rite also involves drinking from the Zamzam Well and wearing white garments, or ihram, to symbolize purity. Participants in this action throw seven pebbles each at three walls, which is known as the Stoning of the Devil, and it involves participants pointing at or touching the Black Stone while circling the Kaaba seven times. For 10 points, name this pillar of Islam which requires Muslims to go on a pilgrimage to Mecca. ANSWER: Hajj [prompt on Pilgrimage or Going to Mecca or similar answers before end] GSAC XX Round 2 11. This sculptor used three cylinder pieces to represent the torso of a male, and he created an oval-shaped head lying on its side with its eyes closed. This man displayed twelve stones around a circular slab of stone, and this sculptor of Sleeping Muse and Table of Silence created a sculpture made up of seventeen rhombus-shaped pieces stretched vertically called The Endless Column. His most famous work is a series of propeller-like sculptures representing the flight of the title animal. For 10 points, name this Romanian sculptor of Bird in Space. ANSWER: Constantin Brancusi 12. Solids with a high value for this quantity possess a large bandgap between the valence and conduction bands. One modification of this quantity is calculated using the reactance, which is used for AC circuits and is known as impedance. For a wire, it is proportional to length over cross-sectional area, and power dissipated can be calculated as current squared times this quantity. The inverse of it is known as conductance, and one law gives voltage as the product of current and this quantity. For 10 points, name this quantity measured in ohms. ANSWER: Resistance [do not accept “Resistivity”] 13. This figure joined the Thiasus after losing a drinking contest with Dionysus, and he removed the boulder crushing Ascalaphus. He defeated Achelous in order to win the hand of Deianeria, and he shot an arrow at Helios to receive the golden cup. This husband of Hebe fended off Thanatos to prevent the death of Alcestis and freed Prometheus after killing an eagle. He aided the Olympian gods during Gigantomachy and also cleaned the Augean stables. For 10 points, name this hero who killed the Nemean lion as one of his twelve labors. ANSWER: Heracles [accept Hercules] 14. One character in this work attempts to seduce another by placing his hand on her knee. Although Dorine hates that employer of the servant Laurent, he remains trusted by Madame Pernelle. Argus gives one character a casket filled with state secrets, and that character breaks off Valère’s engagement to Mariane and disowns his son Damis. The protagonist hides underneath a cloth-covered table to discover the title character attempting to seduce Elmire, and at this play’s conclusion, the King prevents the seizure of Organ’s estate. For 10 points, name this play about a falsely pious hypocrite, a work of Moliere. ANSWER: Tartuffe, or The Imposter [accept Tartuffe, or The Hypocrite or Tartuffe, Ou, L’Imposteur] 15. This man issued the Truce of God after defeating Guy of Burgundy, and he allied with King Henry I to win the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes. He rescued an English Earl from Guy of Ponthieu, which led to a battle following the defeat of Harald Hardrada. This husband of Matilda of Flanders succeeded Edgar Aetheling, and he suppressed the Revolt of the Earls with his half- brother Odo. This man depicted his most famous victory in the Bayeux Tapestry and called for the creation of the Domesday Book. For 10 points, name this victor over Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings. ANSWER: William the Conqueror [accept William I or William the Bastard or William II Duke of Normandy; prompt on William] GSAC XX Round 2 16. This composer wrote an opera containing the “Song of the Indian Guest,” which features the title character returning to his wife Lubava after becoming a wealthy man. This composer of Sadko also wrote a work in which the title figure melts after obtaining the ability to love called The Snow Maiden. This composer of The Golden Cockerel included the movement “The Sea and Sinbad’s Ship” in one work, while his most famous work is an interlude as part of his Tale of Tsar Saltan. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Scheherazade and “Flight of the Bumblebee.” ANSWER: Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov 17. The narrator of one section of this work mentions “The Bird of Time,” which has “but a little way / To flutter.” Another section describes the “Moving finger” that “writes; and having writ, moves on.” It also addresses the person “beside me singing in the Wilderness,” and this work was written using an AABA rhyming scheme. Edward FitzGerald translated this work into English, and it contains the phrase, “A jug of wine, a loaf of bread and thou.” For 10 points, name this collection of poems by Omar Khayyam. ANSWER: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam [accept Ruba’i] 18. This man stated in one work that God exists with the second highest degree of certainty. After this man was appointed Censor of Moral Philosophy at Christ Church, he drafted a series of lectures known as Essays on the Laws of Nature. This man argued against atheism but believed in the separation of church and state, and he also drafted the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina. This author of A Letter Concerning Toleration described the mind at birth as a blank slate, or “tabula rasa,” in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. For 10 points, name this English philosopher who claimed that men have the right to “life, liberty, and property.” ANSWER: John Locke 19. This man fought against the Illyrian tribes in the Siege of Pelium, and he executed Parmenion and his son Philotas. He was saved by Cleitus the Black at the Battle of Granicus, and this man won a battle in which he recovered his opponent’s personal chariot and bow. He razed Thebes following a military resistance and killed the guards that desecrated the tomb of Cyrus the Great. After his death, his empire was torn apart by his generals in the Wars of the Diadochi. The winner of the Battle of Issus against Darius III, he was famously educated by Aristotle. For 10 points, name this son of Philip II of Macedon. ANSWER: Alexander the Great [accept Alexander III of Macedon; prompt on Alexander] 20. One statement describing this process utilizes a constant with dimensions of length squared over time, and that law sets the time derivative of concentration proportional to the second derivative of concentration with respect to position. A third law describing it states that the rate at which this process occurs is inversely proportional to the square root of the molar mass, and an example of this process governed by Fick’s and Graham’s laws is the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane. Osmosis is a type of, For 10 points, what process in which particles move from regions of high concentration to those of low concentration? ANSWER: Diffusion [accept Effusion; prompt on Osmosis before mention] GSAC XX Round 2 TB. This man examined the differences between the mental maps of Parisians and those of New Yorkers. He studied reactions to items labeled for the “Friends of the Nazi Party,” and he measured “path lengths” between Sharon, Wichita, and Omaha by looking at the deliver
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