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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 5 Toss-ups 1. General Tso helped put down one rebellion during this dynasty that was instigated by the Hakka people. Its Yongzheng Emperor established the Grand Council, and the reign of his son, the Qianlong Emperor, saw the height of this dynasty‟s power. This dynasty‟s final ruler was the child Pu Yi, and its Hundred-Days Reform was ordered by Emperor Guangxu. Events that took place during this dynasty once ruled by the Empress Dowager Cixi include the Taiping Rebellion and the Opium Wars. For 10 points, name this last Chinese dynasty. ANSWER: Qing Dynasty [accept Manchu Dynasty; do not accept “Qin Dynasty”] 2. A dark wall and a door marks the right end of this work in which a bird can be seen on a shelf with its wings spread open. The left side of this work shows smoke arising from the tail of an animal, and a flower grows out of a broken sword in its bottom. An elongated arm holds a lamp near an eye-shaped light bulb in this work, and a bull stands over a grieving woman in its left. A horse with a knife as its tongue appears in the center of this painting. For 10 points, name this painting depicting the bombing of the title Basque town, a work of Pablo Picasso. ANSWER: Guernica 3. These organelles communicate with the endoplasmic reticulum through the MAM structure, and Peter Mitchell explained their main function in his chemiosmotic theory. This organelle releases cytochrome c into the cytoplasm during apoptosis, and the endosymbiotic theory postulates that these organelles were once living organisms. The infoldings in their inner membrane are known as cristae, and they possess a fluid-filled space known as the matrix, which contains DNA. For 10 points, name this organelle that generates ATP, often called the “powerhouse of the cell.” ANSWER: Mitochondria [accept Mitochondrion] 4. In one work of this author, Detlev Spinell falls in love with Gabriele Kloterjahn while staying at the mountain clinic Einfried. This author of Tristan wrote about the travelling illusionist Cipolla, who is shot by Mario after speaking in Silvestra‟s voice. This author of Mario and the Magician wrote a novel in which the protagonist becomes sick after eating overripe strawberries and feels affection towards the boy Tadzio. This creator of Gustav von Aschenbach also wrote about Han Castorp‟s seven-year stay in a Swiss sanatorium. For 10 points, name this German author of Death in Venice and The Magic Mountain. ANSWER: Paul Thomas Mann 5. This figure once lectured to a crowd that “he that hath two coats, let him give to him that hath none” after calling them a “brood of vipers.” The Gospel of Matthew identifies this figure with the prophet Elijah, although he denies this connection in a different gospel. This figure‟s mother was Elizabeth, and his birth was foretold by an angel that struck Zechariah dumb as punishment for disbelieving his prediction. His decapitation was ordered by Herod Antipas after Salome asked for his head. Sometimes known as the “Precursor,” For 10 points, name this religious figure who baptized Jesus Christ. ANSWER: John the Baptist [accept Yohanan or Yo-khanan ha-matbil or Yahya inb Zakariya] GSAC XX Round 5 6. In this mountain range, eight glaciers can be found on Tronador, which is an extinct stratovolcano, and Alpamayo is notable for being a near-perfect ice pyramid. Hotspots in this region include the forests of El Choco and its hypersaline lakes, which are inhabited by grebes and flamingos. This region, which includes Lake Titicaca, possesses rich deposits of salt in its south, and in its north are silver mines located at Potosi. For 10 points, name this mountain chain, the longest in the world, which contains Mt. Chimborazo and Mt. Aconcagua. ANSWER: Andes Mountains 7. A sorbent made of this mineral can remove sulfur dioxide from gaseous pollution, and this mineral sometimes contains inclusions of chalcedony and chert. The deficiency of magnesium distinguishes it from dolomite, and one type of this rock is travertine and contains aragonite. It is most commonly formed through the deposition of the calcareous shells of mollusks and diatoms and is the most common flux component of blast furnaces. This mineral found in Karst topography makes up stalagmites and stalactites. For 10 points, name this sedimentary rock that often metamorphoses into marble and is mostly made up of calcium carbonate. ANSWER: Limestone [prompt on Calcium Carbonate or Calcite] 8. Evidence introduced at the trial following this event included a document with the phrase “arm yourselves and appear in full force.” One day before this event, men under Inspector John Bonfield fired at and killed two workers, and two men indicted after it were Rudolph Schnaubelt and Samuel Fielden. Governor John Altgeld pardoned three men convicted of conspiracy for inciting this event. Prior to it, August Spies delivered a speech advising others “to stand by their union,” and its first casualty was Mathias Degan. For 10 points, name this 1886 Chicago riot during which an anarchist threw a pipe bomb into a group of policemen. ANSWER: Haymarket Square Riot [accept Haymarket Square Massacre or Haymarket Square Affair or Haymarket Square Bombing or other obvious equivalents] 9. This man‟s Opus 17 consists of twenty-five songs and dances, which include “The Raven‟s Wedding” and “The Woman from Setesdal.” He composed only one piano concerto in A minor, and this composer wrote a work dedicated to a playwright titled the Holberg Suite. Another of his works contains the movements “Solveig‟s Song” and “Morning Mood,” and he composed “Wedding Day at Troldhaugen” and “March of the Trolls” as part of his Lyric Pieces. For 10 points, name this composer of “In the Hall of the Mountain King,” which is a part of his Peer Gynt suite. ANSWER: Edvard Hagerup Grieg 10. One woman in this novel rejects a man because she is repulsed by his moles, and Fred Vincy unsuccessfully tries to sell a horse to settle a debt. John Raffles blackmails Nicholas Bulstrode in this novel, and Rosamond Vincy‟s tendency to spend money causes Tertius Lydgate financial problems. Edward Casaubon writes a will for his wife in this novel, which also features the marriage of Will Ladislaw and Dorothea Brooke. Subtitled “A Study of Provincial Life,” For 10 points, name this novel by George Eliot. ANSWER: Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life GSAC XX Round 5 11. This work claims that “a state which dwarfs its men...will find that with small men no little thing can be accomplished.” It claims that humans should aim for “individuality of power and development,” and this work argues that truth does not always triumph. One section asks whether non-believers should be punished by a country‟s ban on eating pork. Chapter I warns against a “tyranny of the majority,” and it asserts that society can only compel individuals to act when their actions affect others, an idea known as the “harm principle.” Written by the author of Utilitarianism, For 10 points, name this essay “on” the title concept by John Stuart Mill. ANSWER: On Liberty 12. This architect designed a building with a small observation deck on the 43rd floor which replaced the Victorian-era Murray House. He designed the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, and one of his works was designed to resemble growing bamboo shoots. Another of his works utilized wooden supports to cope with faulty windows, and this architect of the John Hancock Tower designed the East Building of the National Gallery of Art. For 10 points, name this man who designed the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, a Chinese-American architect famous for designing the glass pyramid at the Louvre. ANSWER: Ieoh Ming Pei 13. This man‟s forces were nearly encircled by the Christmas Offensive, and he passed the Acerbo Law to gain control of his country‟s legislature. He served as the editor of the newspaper Avanti and conquered Albania, forcing King Zog into exile. His opponents left the Chamber of Deputies in the Aventine Secession, and he was later overthrown by Pietro Badoglio. This man seized control of his country after the March on Rome, during which he overthrew Victor Emmanuel III. For 10 points, name this Italian leader of the Blackshirts nicknamed “Il Duce,” the fascist leader of Italy during World War II. ANSWER: Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini 14. This man wrote a short story in which Dennis Flange goes through an underground tunnel at a dumpster. In addition to “Lowlands,” he wrote about a dog named Pugnax, who can communicate with humans in a work involving the skyship Chums of Chance. This author of Against the Day created Benny Profane and the Whole Sick Crew, and he wrote about a character who becomes the co-executor of the estate owned by her deceased boyfriend Pierce Inverarity. Another work of this creator of Oedipa Maas features Tyrone Slothrop‟s search for the V-2 Rocket. For 10 points, name this author of The Crying of Lot 49 and Gravity’s Rainbow. ANSWER: Thomas Ruggles Pynchon, Jr. 15. The addition reaction of these elements occurs when one of these elements is added to the carbon double bond of an alkene functional group. These elements act as electrophilic species in their namesake bonds, which are used in crystal engineering, and the pseudo form of these elements is often made of cyanides and cyanate ions bonded to members of this group. With less electronegative elements they form halide compounds, and this is the only group which has members existing in solid, liquid, and gaseous states at room conditions. For 10 points, name this group of elements with seven valence electrons, which includes bromine and iodine. ANSWER: Halogens [accept Group 17 or Group 7A] GSAC XX Round 5 16. This man described the opportunities each person has to better the quality of his or her life, which he termed “life chances.” This man classified political leadership into charismatic, traditional, and legal authority, and he claimed that the state holds a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence in Politics as a Vocation. He described the “iron cage of rationality,” and his most famous work examines the impact of Calvinism on economic growth. For 10 points, name this German sociologist and author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. ANSWER: Maximilian Karl Emil Weber 17. This brother of Deiphobus was adopted by the shepherd Agelaus after being suckled by a she-bear for nine days. His first wife Oenone refused to heal him after he was wounded by Philoctetes‟ arrow, and his mother Hecuba had a nightmare before giving birth to him. He once fled from a duel with Menelaus and later shot Achilles in the heel with the guidance of Apollo. He infuriated Hera and Athena by giving a golden apple to another goddess. For 10 points, name this prince who started the Trojan War by fleeing with Helen after choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess in his namesake judgment. ANSWER: Paris 18. In one work of this author, the winners of a lottery join a group of the elite as part of “The Company,” while the losers are put to death. This author of “The Lottery in Babylon” wrote about Carlos, who laments the destruction of the title point that allows him to see everything in the universe. This author of “The Aleph” wrote about the German spy Yu Tsun, as well as a library composed of seemingly infinite hexagonal rooms. The author of “The Garden of Forking Paths” and “The Library of Babel,” For 10 points, name this Argentinean author of Ficciones. ANSWER: Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges 19. The largest one of these events in the United States occurred in 1910 in Kern County, California at Lakeview Gusher. During the First Gulf War, Saddam Hussein claimed that American attacks on two ships had caused one of these events. A more famous one of these events occurred in Prince William Sound in 1989 when a merchant vessel ran aground on a reef; long-term effects from that incident continue to affect Alaska. An explosion on the Deepwater Horizon platform resulted in, For 10 points, what type of disaster that describes environmental contamination from the release of liquid petroleum? ANSWER: Oil Spills 20. The distance at which a magnetic field exponentially decays by a factor of one over e in one of these materials is known as the London penetration depth. They exist in Type I and Type II varieties, and they are mathematically described using Ginzburg-Landau theory. One theory models these materials using the condensation of Cooper pairs, and YBCO is a high-temperature example of them. Some of them act as perfect diamagnets that expel internal magnetic fields through the Meissner effect, and they are governed by BCS theory. For 10 points, name these materials that exhibit zero electrical resistance. ANSWER: Superconductors [accept Superconductivity] GSAC XX Round 5 TB. One of this figure‟s sons was the king of Keos, and four of his sons by the nymph Pareia were killed by Heracles. This figure was believed to share one of his occupations with Aeacus, and he was killed in Sicily by King Cocalus, who poured boiling water on him while he was taking a bath. His son Androgeos was killed during an athletic contest in Athens, and one account of this figure describes him and Rhadamanthus as judges of the dead. The father of Ariadne, For 10 points, name this king of Crete who instructed Daedalus to build
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