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GCU 114 (17)
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Round 6.doc

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Department
Cultural Geography
Course
GCU 114
Professor
Daniel Hume
Semester
Summer

Description
GSAC XX Round 6 Toss-ups 1. One character by this author orders snails and frog legs at a restaurant, while another has a sophisticated conversation with Nicholson on a cruise ship. This author of “Teddy” also wrote about Seymour, who commits suicide after talking to Sybil about the title creature. “A Perfect Day for Bananafish” appears in his Nine Stories along with “Franny and Zooey.” His most famous novel features the brother of Phoebe, who is expelled from Pencey Prep. For 10 points, name this author who wrote about Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye. ANSWER: Jerome David Salinger 2. Cholangiocytes in this organ are damaged in biliary atresia, and hemochromatosis causes a buildup of iron in this organ. Its failure can lead to massive ascites, and this organ synthesizes the coagulation factors fibrinogen and prothrombin. It is divided into left and right anatomical lobes by the falciform ligament, and it stores glycogen and vitamin K. The gallbladder is located directly underneath it, and inflammation of this organ is called hepatitis and can lead to cirrhosis or scarring. For 10 points, name this bile-producing organ that detoxifies the blood and is often damaged in alcoholics. ANSWER: Liver 3. One character in this comic strip develops a crush on his teacher Miss Othmar and later gives her some eggshells as a wedding present. In one strip of this comic, four birds play the game of bridge in a doghouse, with one of them getting kicked out for passing. One character’s alter ego is “Joe Cool,” while another character rambles on and on about her naturally curly hair. Its main character repeatedly fails to kick a football, and his dog considers himself a “World War I Flying Ace” who has a rivalry with the Red Baron. For 10 points, name this comic strip drawn by Charles Schulz, featuring Linus, Snoopy, and “Good ol’ wishy-washy Charlie Brown.” ANSWER: Peanuts 4. One religious leader among these peoples was named Handsome Lake, and this group agreed to the Covenant Chain. Another of their leaders was known as the Great Peacemaker and signed the Second Treaty of Fort Stanwix. They engaged in the Beaver Wars, and a Grand Council ruled its six member namesake polity. During the American Revolution, the only members of this group to ally with the colonists were the Tuscarora and the Oneida. For 10 points, name this league of Native American tribes that included the Mohawk and occupied territory in the Northeastern United States and Canada. ANSWER: Iroquois [accept Haudenosaunee and People of the Longhouse; prompt on both Five Nations and Six Nations until “namesake polity”] 5. Edmund Phelps suggested that this quantity becomes relatively constant over time in his NAIRU model. This quantity displays a negative relation with the total value of products produced in a given area according to Arthur Okun, and it is plotted against inflation in the Phillips curve. Workers who are in transition can be described by the “frictional” version of this phenomenon, and its other forms include the “cyclical” and “structural” types. Lifeguards suffer from the “seasonal” type of, For 10 points, what phenomenon which occurs when people cannot find jobs? ANSWER: Unemployment GSAC XX Round 6 6. The fourth of this religion’s early leaders wrote four hymns used in marriage rites, and his successor compiled the first edition of this faith’s book of scripture before being martyred by Murtaza Khan. Adherents to this religion are instructed to avoid Kam, Lobh, Krodh, Moh, and Ahankar, and groom themselves with a wooden comb known as a Khanga twice a day as part of the “Five Ks.” An iron bowl is used to induct adherents of this religion into its Khalsa order, and its central text is the Adi Granth. For 10 points, name this Indian religion centered in Punjab that was founded by Guru Nanak. ANSWER: Sikhism 7. Early in his reign, this man captured the Amurru, and he defeated the Sherden sea pirates, who later became his bodyguards. This son of Seti I suppressed a Canaanite Rebellion, attacking Jerusalem and Jericho in the process. His refusal to extradite the deposed king Mursili III to Hattusili III led to the signing of the world's first peace treaty. This husband of Nefertari memorialized his near victory in the world’s largest chariot battle at Abu Simbel and Karnak. For 10 points, name this Egyptian pharaoh who fought the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh. ANSWER: Ramesses the Great [accept Ramesses II; prompt on Ramesses] 8. One result of this statement is a decrease in moles being produced in a reaction when gases are reacted at high pressures. This statement explains why the Haber-Bosch process is operated at low temperatures and high pressures, and it also explains why adding sodium chloride to a solution of silver chloride will cause the silver chloride to precipitate out. That phenomenon is known as the common-ion effect, and this statement explains why adding heat to an endothermic reaction or increasing reactant concentration will cause an increase in products. For 10 points, name this principle which states that equilibrium will shift to counteract any changes. ANSWER: Le Chatelier’s Principle 9. This artist depicted Cybele and Neptune standing next to each other in a painting representing the union of earth and water. In another of his paintings, a red parrot sits on a tree as Eve receives an apple from a cherub. This painter of The Fall of Man depicted himself and his wife, Isabella Brant, in The Honeysuckle Bower, and he included The Disembarkation at Marseilles in his Marie de’ Medici Cycle. One of his triptychs that includes The Visitation and The Presentation in the Temple depicted a group of men lowering the body of Christ after the crucifixion. For 10 points, name this Flemish Baroque painter of The Descent from the Cross. ANSWER: Peter Paul Rubens 10. This work includes a story about a poor fisherman who finds a jug with a leaden Seal of Solomon, and Antoine Galland was the first to translate it into French. One of these tales features a pool of fish whose different colors represent Jews, Christians, and Muslims, and many of them feature historical figures such as Harun al-Rashid and his vizier Jafar. The sister of the frame story’s protagonist aids in abating the wrath of a Persian king while the protagonist tells these stories to soothe him. For 10 points, name this ancient collection of stories from Arabia which takes its name from the period of time required to tell them. ANSWER: One Thousand and One Nights [accept The Arabian Nights’ Entertainment or One Thousand and One Arabian Nights or Alf Layla Wa-Layla] GSAC XX Round 6 11. At the beginning of this opera, a woman boards a ship anchored at Portsmouth and offers “snuff and tobacc-y” to its sailors. Later, the captain avers that he “hardly ever” swears, and that character, Corcoran, is revealed to have been switched with another character at birth. He intends to marry his daughter Josephine to the First Lord of the Admiralty, although she is in love with Ralph Rackstraw, while Little Buttercup ends up marrying the captain. For 10 points, name this Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera set aboard the title ship. ANSWER: H.M.S. Pinafore, or The Lass that Loved a Sailor 12. This man argued that money is a “universal measure of value” because commodities are commensurable in terms of human labor, and he wrote in another work that “philosophers have only interpreted the world; the point is to change it.” This author of Theses on Feuerbach criticized the tendency to attribute to goods a power inherent only in labor, which he termed commodity fetishism. He argued that society was changing to reach the end of history, which would be achieved by a revolution of the proletariat against the bourgeoisie. For 10 points, name this author of Das Kapital who co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels. ANSWER: Karl Heinrich Marx 13. This novel opens with its protagonist getting beaten and robbed by a group of men in an inn near Orléans, one of whom joked about his horse and is later revealed to be the villain. One character calls off duels with three soldiers after they bring each other as seconds, and that man falls in love with Constance Bonacieux. The protagonists help Buckingham commission duplicates of diamonds needed to cover up his affair with the Queen of France, and Buckingham is later assassinated on the orders of Milady de Winter, who is working with Cardinal Richelieu. For 10 points, name this Alexandre Dumas novel about Porthos, Athos, Aramis, and d’Artagnan. ANSWER: The Three Musketeers [accept Les Trois Mousquetaires] 14. The energy of a photon can be described as the product of its momentum and this quantity. Cherenkov radiation is produced when this value is exceeded, and this quantity divides velocity squared in the Lorentz factor. The ratio of this value in a vacuum to this value in a particular medium is the refractive index, and it is squared and multiplied by rest mass in an equation formulated by Einstein. For 10 points, name this theoretical limit on the speed of objects, which in a vacuum is approximately equal to three times ten to the eighth meters per second. ANSWER: Speed of Light [accept c] 15. This nation was ruled by the Szlachta, and it signed the Union of Lublin, which introduced an elected monarchy. Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points called for the recreation of this nation formerly ruled by the Jagiellon Dynasty. Stanislaw Poniatowski led the Kościuszko Insurrection in this country which frequently fought the Teutonic Knights. Partial democratization of this polity was a result of the Round Table Talks, and it often used Hussars during its union with Lithuania. For 10 points, name this often-partitioned Eastern-European country with capital at Warsaw, the home of Solidarity. ANSWER: Poland GSAC XX Round 6 16. This character states that his thoughts have “one part wisdom and ever three parts coward” after meeting a captain leading an invasion against Poland. Earlier, he compares his mother to “a beast that wants a discourse of reason” after remarking that “frailty, thy name is woman.” This character falsifies execution letters calling for the death of two close friends before he is exiled to England. At the end of the play in which he appears in, he kills his uncle Claudius in revenge for the murder of his father and usurpation of the Danish throne. For 10 points, name this Shakespearean tragic hero who delivers the famous “to be or not to be” soliloquy. ANSWER: Hamlet 17. This mineral is a tectosilicate whose forms are either monoclinic or triclinic. One type of this mineral corresponds to the continuous branch of Bowen’s reaction series, and the angle between its two cleavage planes is used to classify it into two types. Forms of this mineral include labradorite, albite, and microcline, and the presence of calcium, sodium, or potassium distinguishes this mineral’s plagioclase and orthoclase varieties. For 10 points, name this aluminum silicate mineral, the most abundant in the earth’s crust. ANSWER: Feldspar [accept Plagioclase Feldspar or Orthoclase Feldspar] 18. One work by this composer closes its third movement with a pair of low-pitched and high- pitched tam-tams being struck alternately in repetition. Another of his works focuses on the final scene of Goethe’s Faust and includes a “Veni, Creator Spiritus” movement. The third movement of one of this man’s symphonies is a funeral march utilizing the “Frere Jacques” melody, and this composer of the Titan Symphony used excerpts from The Chinese Flute for his Song of the Earth. For 10 points, name this composer of the Resurrection Symphony and the Symphony of a Thousand. ANSWER: Gustav Mahler 19. In one story, this figure during a contest created three women from a sword while her opponent created five men from a necklace. This deity entrusted Ninigi with the Three Sacred Treasures, which were used to bring order to the world, and is worshipped at a shrine in Ise, where a certain sacred mirror is said to be kept. That mirror was used to lure out this deity when she hid inside a cave after her brother Susano’o threw a horse at her loom. For 10 points, name this sun goddess from Shinto mythology. ANSWER: Amaterasu Omikami [accept Ohirume-no-muchi-no-kami] 20. During this war, Captain Meza’s failure to follow the orders given by his commander led to a major defeat of one side in a battle. This war began with the invasion of Mato Grosso and was sparked by an election in which the Colorado Party defeated the Blanco Party in Uruguay. It included the battle of Riachuelo, and one side in it was led by Bartolome Mitre. This conflict ended at the battle of Cerro Cora, where Solano Lopez was ambushed and killed. For 10 points, name this South American war in which a coalition of Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil defeated Paraguay. ANSWER: War of the Triple Alliance [accept Paraguayan War before mentioned] GSAC XX Round 6 TB. One future ruler of this empire led the Siege of Orchha, and Bairam Khan won a notable victory for it against Hemu. Later in this empire’s history the Sayyid Brothers h
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