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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 7 Toss-ups 1. This artist illustrated himself and his wife in a room with a blue background in The Conversation. Another of his works depicts a man in a suit holding a cigarette in his mouth next to a teacher and a boy playing the piano. Though not Vermeer, this artist of The Music Lesson published a collection of paper cutouts titled Jazz, and he depicted blue vines and a servant arranging fruits on a platter in The Red Room. He depicted his wife with a green stripe running down her nose, and he also painted five nude women in a circle performing the title action. For 10 points, name this artist of The Joy of Life and The Dance, who led the Fauvism movement. ANSWER: Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse [accept Henri Matisse] 2. In this novel, Fifi Bradlaugh and Morgana Rothschild are introduced following a comment on the efficiency of a crematorium made by Henry Foster. Podsnap’s Technique and the Bokanovsky Process are utilized in a hatchery in this novel to streamline human reproduction. The majority of the world’s population is addicted to the drug soma, and Bernard Marx is exiled by World Controller Mustapha Mond for inviting two characters to London. For 10 points, name this novel that sees Lenina attempt to seduce John the Savage, written by Aldus Huxley. ANSWER: Brave New World 3. A change in magnetic flux generates this quantity according to Faraday’s law, and electric field is the negative partial derivative of this quantity with respect to x. An oscilloscope plots this quantity with respect to time, and Kirchoff’s laws state that the net change in it around a loop in a circuit must be zero. Measuring this in a circuit requires an instrument with a very high resistance connected in parallel. For a point charge it is proportional to charge over radius, and it can also be referred to as potential difference. For 10 points, name this term used for work per unit charge, often symbolized V. ANSWER: Voltage [accept Electric Potential Difference before mention; accept EMF or Electromotive Force before “derivative”] 4. This work divided sympathetic magic into homoeopathic and contagious magic, the latter of which can be explained by the function of voodoo dolls. It begins by describing the ritual murder of the priest Nemi, and its analysis of the Crucifixion led to criticism of its author. This work discusses the worship and sacrifice of divine kings known as “Kings of the Wood,” and it was named after an object utilized to gain access to the underworld in the Aeneid. For 10 points, name this work of comparative religion and mythology written by James Frazer. ANSWER: The Golden Bough 5. One ruler of this kingdom went mad and shot arrows from the roof of his palace at the populace, leading to an uprising. This kingdom was made up of its namesake Twelve Doors, and it was originally ruled by the Great Assembly, or Gbara. Kanou built this empire’s University at Sankore, and this empire was founded when Sundiata Keita defeated Soumaoro at the Battle of Kirina. One of its rulers crashed the Middle Eastern gold market during his famous hajj. For 10 points, name this empire ruled by Mansa Musa with its capital at Timbuktu. ANSWER: Malian Empire GSAC XX Round 7 6. One of the earliest settlements in this city was Tuen Mun, in which Emperor Xuanzong established a town for coastal defense, and the International Commerce Center is located in its Union Square project. Its Sai Kung Peninsula remains mostly unurbanized, and its harbors include Aberdeen and Victoria. Parts of this region include the New Territories and Kowloon, and a bay separating this city from Macau is formed by the Pearl River. For 10 points, name this special administrative region of China, ceded by the British after a 99-year lease. ANSWER: Hong Kong 7. Aneuploidy is one possible consequence of this process failing. This process takes place during oogenesis in females, and terminalization and the disintegration of the nuclear envelope occur during its diakinesis phase. Synaptonemal complexes break down following the pachytene stage of this process that produces three polar bodies, after which bivalents are held together by chiasmata. Crossing over during this process adds genetic variation to resulting daughter cells. For 10 points, name this cell division process producing four gamete cells that occurs during sexual reproduction and is contrasted with mitosis. ANSWER: Meiosis [accept Nondisjunction before oogenesis] 8. This man ended the Kalmar War with the Treaty of Knared, and he outgunned enemy tercio formations in one battle, defeating the Count of Tilly. He signed the Treaty of Stolbovo with Michael Romanov, and Gustav Horn and John Banér took command of his army after his death. Axel Oxenstierna became regent after this victor of the Battle of Breitenfeld was killed during a cavalry charge at the Battle of Lutzen. For 10 points, name this “Lion of the North,” a Swedish King who invaded Germany during the Thirty Years War. ANSWER: Gustavus Adolphus [accept Gustav II Adolph] 9. In one short story by this author, the protagonist breaks up with his girlfriend with the words “It isn’t fun anymore.” This author of “The End of Something” wrote about Ole Andreson’s death being planned by two men who tie up Nick Adams, while another story describes Harry reflecting on his life while dying on an African safari. One novel by this author of “The Killers” and “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” sees Robert Jordan die while fighting for the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War. A later work by this man sees an eighteen-foot marlin caught by Santiago. For 10 points, name this American author of The Sun Also Rises and The Old Man and the Sea. ANSWER: Ernest Miller Hemingway 10. This faith’s scripture asserts belief in “the gift of tongues, prophecy, revelation, visions, [and] healing,” and members of this faith are instructed to abstain from “hot drinks.” The title “prophet, seer, and revelator” is given to members of the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in this faith. Its Articles of Faith are included in The Pearl of Great Price, and golden plates written in “reformed Egyptian” that belonged to the angel Moroni were the basis of its sacred text. For 10 points, name this Christian denomination based on the teachings of Joseph Smith. ANSWER: Mormonism [accept The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints or LDS] GSAC XX Round 7 11. He wrote that he created much of his work with the aid of “previsualization,” and he designated zones one through nine of his Zone System as the “dynamic range.” His efforts led directly to the creation of Kings Canyon National Park after he was hired to photograph the area by Harold Ickes, and this founder of the group f/64 [f-stop-6documented the internment of Japanese-Americans in his photographs of Manzanar. Two of his most famous photographs are entitled Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico and Monolith, The Face of Half Dome. For 10 points, name this American photographer who took numerous photos of Yosemite National Park. ANSWER: Ansel Easton Adams 12. One assumption this method relies on is the preservation of homoscedasticity, which can be confirmed using a residual plot. An important value for this technique is equal to the r-value times the quotient of the standard deviations of the dependent and independent variables. The square of the correlation coefficient is a measure of the accuracy of this technique, and it is often computed with the “least squares” method. For 10 points, name this statistical technique used to fit a trendline to data. ANSWER: Linear Regression [accept Least Squares Regression; prompt on Line of Best Fit or Trendline before mention] 13. In his persona as the god of wind, this figure wears a conical hat and was romantically involved with Mayahuel. While intoxicated, this figure made love to his sister, an act which led to his self-imposed exile. He created mankind by adding his blood to bones retrieved from the underworld, and this god was exiled on a raft of snakes as a result of the machinations of Tezcatlipoca. His twin brother, Xolotl, was closely associated with the underworld. For 10 points, name this Aztec feathered serpent deity. ANSWER: Quetzalcoatl 14. The narrator of one of his works wants “to sleep the dream of the apples,” and this author of “Gacela of the Dark Death” wrote another poem in which the title event occurs at “five in the afternoon.” In addition to “Lament for the Death of a Bullfighter,” this man wrote a play in which Juan is too interested in farming to have children with his wife, and another in which the Bridegroom is commanded to buy extravagant presents by his mother. This man also wrote about Leonardo, who is killed by the Groom after running away with The Bride. For 10 points, name this Spanish author of Yerma and Blood Wedding. ANSWER: Federico Garcia Lorca [do not accept “Lorca”] 15. This man wrote that “the foundation of every government is some principle or passion in the minds of the people” in a letter to George Wythe. As a lawyer, this man successfully defended Captain Preston and advocated fair trials for the other British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre. This man engaged in the Quasi War with France, following the XYZ Affair. This Federalist President instituted the Alien and Sedition Acts and also attempted to appoint 42 “midnight judges” before leaving office. For 10 points, name this President, the first from Massachusetts, and the second President of the United States. ANSWER: John Adams [prompt on Adams; do not accept “John Quincy Adams”] GSAC XX Round 7 16. This composer included a well-known chaconne in D minor as part of his six Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin, and he also composed the Ricercar a 6 as part of a work dedicated to Frederick the Great titled The Musical Offering. One of this man’s works pairs up 24 fugues and preludes of each major and minor key, and he composed another work to relieve the insomnia of Count Kaiserling. He also composed The Art of Fugue and a Mass in B minor. For 10 points, name this composer of The Brandenburg Concertos and The Well-Tempered Clavier. ANSWER: Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on Johann Bach] 17. A symbol of baptism is shown in this work when the protagonist leaps into a lake. One character in this work is killed by the Swedes for sheltering refugees, which allows the protagonist to become the king. The protagonist of this work previously engaged in a swimming contest with Breca, and he is later saved by Wiglaf in a battle. The protagonist uses Hrunting to fight a monster in this work, and he yanks off the arm of his opponent in a fight. For 10 points, name this work which sees the title character save Hrothgar’s kingdom by slaying Grendel. ANSWER: Beowulf 18. One thinker argued that this concept must achieve the condition of “full publicity” and is established under the “veil of ignorance.” Rawls argued that justice is the primary concern of this concept, while Kant claimed that it is solely an idea of reason with the purpose of protecting the will of the subjects. Another philosopher argued for the normative version of this concept, writing that the sovereign gives voice to the general will and that man is “born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” Man leaves the state of nature and creates society through the title arrangement by, For 10 points, what concept which titles a work by Jean Jacques-Rousseau? ANSWER: Social Contract 19. This man’s army conquered Judea from the son of Herod the Great, and he negotiated with the Parthian Empire for the return of Crassus’s lost standards. His legions were crushed at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest, and he became the Pontifex Maximus after the death of Marcus Lepidus. This man’s general Agrippa was victorious at the Battle of Actium, defeating the forces of Marc Antony. For 10 points, name this “First Citizen” of Rome, the heir of Julius Caesar and the first Roman Emperor. Answer: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus [accept Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus] 20. The temperature dependence of this quantity is calculated by an equation partially attributed to Helmholtz, and the partial derivative of this quantity with respect to number of particles is chemical potential. Surface tension is this quantity per unit area, and for a galvanic cell it can be calculated as negative n times the Faraday constant times cell potential. The change in this quantity is equal to the negative gas constant times temperature times the natural logarithm of the equilibrium constant, or alternatively as enthalpy minus the product of temperature and entropy. For 10 points, name this quantity decreased in spontaneous reactions, symbolized G. ANSWER: Gibbs Free Energy [accept Gibbs Function; prompt on Free Energy] GSAC XX Round 7 TB. Proteins are purified by a ligand interaction in the affinity version of this technique, and peak area is proportional to concentration in another variant of this procedure. Quantities important in this technique include retention time and retardation factor, which is commonly abbreviated as the R.F. value. Those values are important in the gas and thin layer types of this procedure, and this technique in
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